Victim lifestyle exposure

Joe M Diaz, Wayne A. Petherick, Brent Turvey

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Abstract

It has been said that for every crime there is at least one victim. However, victimity may not be assumed or otherwise presupposed. First, the existence of crime must be established; if there is no crime, there can be no victim. Then it is necessary to establish which participant is the victim. This cannot be assumed either as explained by von Hentig (cited in Wolfgang 1959, 245):

Here are two human beings. As soon as they draw near to one another, male or female, young or old, rich or poor, ugly or attractive - a wide range of interactions, repulsions as well as attractions, is set in motion. What the law does is to watch the one who acts and the one who is acted upon. By this external criterion a subject and object, a perpetrator and a victim are distinguished. In sociological and psychology quality the situation may be completely different. It may happen that the two distinct categories merge. There are cases in which they are reversed and in the long chain of causative forces the victim assumes the role of a determinant.
Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationForensic victimology
Subtitle of host publicationExamining violent crime victims in investigative and legal contexts
EditorsBrent Turvey, Wayne Petherick
Place of Publication Amsterdam
PublisherElsevier
Pages165-203
Number of pages39
ISBN (Electronic)978-0-12-374089-2
Publication statusPublished - 2009

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Diaz, J. M., Petherick, W. A., & Turvey, B. (2009). Victim lifestyle exposure. In B. Turvey, & W. Petherick (Eds.), Forensic victimology: Examining violent crime victims in investigative and legal contexts (pp. 165-203). Amsterdam: Elsevier.