Validity of the malnutrition screening tool for older adults at high risk of hospital readmission

Min-Lin Wu, Mary D Courtney, Lillie M Shortridge-Baggett, Kathleen Finlayson, Elisabeth A Isenring

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleResearchpeer-review

24 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Malnutrition is a serious problem in older adults, particularly for those at risk of hospital readmission. The essential step in managing malnutrition is early identification using a valid nutrition screening tool. The purpose of this study was to validate the Malnutrition Screening Tool (MST) in older adults at high risk of hospital readmission. Two RNs administered the MST to identify malnutrition risk and compared it with the comprehensive Subjective Global Assessment (SGA) to assess nutritional status for patients 65 and older who had at least one risk factor for hospital readmission. The MST demonstrates substantial sensitivity, specificity, and agreement with the SGA. These findings indicate that nursing staff can use the MST as a valid tool for routine screening and rescreening to identify patients at risk of malnutrition. Use of the MST may prevent hospital-acquired malnutrition in acute hospitalized older adults at high risk of readmission.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)38-45
Number of pages8
JournalJournal of Gerontological Nursing
Volume38
Issue number6
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Jun 2012
Externally publishedYes

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