Using Machine Learning Techniques to Assess the Financial Impact of the COVID-19 Pandemic on the Global Aviation Industry

Khaled Halteh*, Ritab AlKhoury, Salem Adek Ziadat, Adrian Gepp, Kuldeep Kumar

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleProfessionalpeer-review

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Abstract

Prediction of financial distress is a crucial concern for decision-makers, especially in industries prone to external shocks, such as the aviation sector. This study employs machine learning techniques on a comprehensive global dataset of aviation companies to develop highly accurate financial distress prediction models. These models empower stakeholders with informed decision-making capabilities to navigate the aviation industry's challenges, most notably exemplified by the COVID-19 pandemic. The aviation industry holds substantial economic importance, contributing significantly to revenue, employment, and economic activity worldwide. However, its susceptibility to external factors underscores the need for robust predictive tools. Leveraging advances in machine learning, this study pioneers the application of data-driven, non-parametric solutions to the aviation sector, both before and after the pandemic. Importantly, this study addresses a gap in the field by conducting comparative evaluations of prediction models, which have been lacking in previous research efforts, often leading to inconclusive outcomes. Key findings of the study highlight the Random Forest and Stochastic Gradient Boosting models as the most accurate in forecasting financial distress within the aviation industry. Notably, the study identifies debt-to-equity, return on invested capital, and debt ratio as the most important predictors of financial distress in this context.

Original languageEnglish
Article number101043
Pages (from-to)1-10
Number of pages10
JournalTransportation Research Interdisciplinary Perspectives
Volume24
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Mar 2024

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