Urothelium removal does not impact mucosal activity in response to muscarinic or adrenergic receptor stimulation

Christian Moro*, Charlotte Phelps

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleResearchpeer-review

Abstract

The inner lining of the urinary bladder (urothelium and lamina propria, or bladder mucosa) has an important role as a tissue barrier between stored urine and the underlying smooth muscle, as well as in the modulation and regulation of bladder contractility. However, the individual influence of the apical urothelial layer on the contractile activity of this tissue is uncertain. The aim of this experiment was to identify the contractile activity of the lamina propria after removal of the urothelium. Several methods were used to mechanically disrupt the urothelium, including dabbing the tissue with a paper towel, longitudinal swipes with a cotton bud, or a longitudinal scrape with the edge of a scalpel. Hematoxylin-eosin staining was utilized to determine the level of removal of the apical urothelial cells. Spontaneous contractile activity was measured in organ baths, and responses to the agonists carbachol and isoprenaline were obtained. Three longitudinal swipes with a cotton bud was found to be the optimal method to remove the majority of the urothelium without damaging the lamina propria. Upon removal of the urothelium, the spontaneous activity of the tissue was unaltered. Similarly, responses to carbachol (1 μM) and isoprenaline (1 μM) were not affected after removal of the urothelium. The urothelium can be effectively removed without damaging the lamina propria. This apical tissue layer is not responsible for mediating the increases to spontaneous phasic activity or tonic contractions of the bladder mucosa (urothelium with lamina propria) when muscarinic or adrenergic receptors are stimulated. This research presents the lamina propria as the important cell layer mediating the overall contractile activity of the bladder wall.
Original languageEnglish
Article number2099214
Number of pages8
JournalTissue Barriers
DOIs
Publication statusE-pub ahead of print - 8 Jul 2022

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