Trajectories of total depression and depressive symptoms in prostate cancer patients receiving six months of hormone therapy

Christopher F. Sharpley*, David R H Christie, Vicki Bitsika, Bradley J. Miller

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleResearchpeer-review

12 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Objective: The aim of this study was to investigate the effects of hormone therapy (HT) on depression and depressive symptoms in prostate cancer patients undergoing 6 months of HT. Methods: One hundred two prostate cancer patients who had been prescribed HT completed the Zung Self-rating Depression Scale (SDS) and two questions about their sexual enjoyment and performance, plus a background questionnaire before HT, after 8 to 10 weeks of HT and again after 16 to 20 weeks of HT. Results: There was a significant increase in SDS scores from before to during HT. High depression score before HT was a significant predictor of later increases in depression during HT. Increases in depressive symptoms were restricted to 8 of the 20 SDS symptoms, the most powerful change being in sexual anhedonia, which was a result of decreased ability to perform during sexual activity. Conclusions: The association between HT and elevated depression is confirmed, but the relative influence of sexual anhedonia over other depressive symptoms expands the understanding of this association. The effects of decreased ability to perform during sex appear to dominate the increase in depression during HT.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)60-66
Number of pages7
JournalPsycho-Oncology
Volume26
Issue number1
Early online date9 Feb 2016
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1 Jan 2017

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