Trait impulsivity predicts D-KEFS Tower Test performance in university students

Michael Lyvers, Vanessa Basch, Helen Duff, Mark S. Edwards

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleResearchpeer-review

3 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

The present study examined a widely used self-report index of trait impulsiveness in relation to performance on a well-known neuropsychological executive function test in 70 university undergraduate students (50 women, 20 men) aged 18 to 24 years old. Participants completed the Barratt Impulsiveness Scale (BIS-11) and the Frontal Systems Behavior Scale (FrSBe), after which they performed the Tower Test of the Delis-Kaplan Executive Function System. Hierarchical linear regression showed that after controlling for gender, current alcohol consumption, age at onset of weekly alcohol use, and FrSBe scores, BIS-11 significantly predicted Tower Test Achievement scores, β = -.44, p <.01. The results indicate that self-reported impulsiveness is associated with poorer executive cognitive performance even in a sample likely to be characterized by relatively high general cognitive functioning (i.e., university students). The results also support the role of inhibition as a key aspect of executive task performance. Elevated scores on the BIS-11 and FrSBe are known to be linked to risky drinking in young adults as confirmed in this sample; however, only BIS-11 predicted Tower Test performance.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)88-93
Number of pages6
JournalApplied Neuropsychology: Adult
Volume22
Issue number2
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 4 Mar 2015

Fingerprint

Impulsive Behavior
Executive Function
Students
Task Performance and Analysis
Age of Onset
Alcohol Drinking
Self Report
Drinking
Young Adult
Linear Models
Alcohols
Impulsivity
Tower
Performance Test
Inhibition (Psychology)
Alcohol

Cite this

Lyvers, Michael ; Basch, Vanessa ; Duff, Helen ; Edwards, Mark S. / Trait impulsivity predicts D-KEFS Tower Test performance in university students. In: Applied Neuropsychology: Adult. 2015 ; Vol. 22, No. 2. pp. 88-93.
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Trait impulsivity predicts D-KEFS Tower Test performance in university students. / Lyvers, Michael; Basch, Vanessa; Duff, Helen; Edwards, Mark S.

In: Applied Neuropsychology: Adult, Vol. 22, No. 2, 04.03.2015, p. 88-93.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleResearchpeer-review

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