Towards complete and accurate reporting of studies of diagnostic accuracy: The STARD initiative

PM Bossuyt, JB Reitsma, DE Bruns, CA Gatsonis, PP Glasziou, LM Irwig, JG Lijmer, D Moher, D Rennie, Henrica C W de Vet, STARD Steering Grp

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleResearchpeer-review

Abstract

Objective To improve the accuracy and completeness of reporting of studies of diagnostic accuracy, to allow readers to assess the potential for bias in a study, and to evaluate a study's generalisability.

Methods The Standards for Reporting of Diagnostic Accuracy (STARD) steering committee searched the literature to identify publications on the appropriate conduct and reporting of diagnostic studies and extracted potential items into an extensive list. Researchers, editors, and members of professional organisations shortened this list during a two day consensus meeting, with the goal of developing a checklist and a generic flow diagram for studies of diagnostic accuracy.

Results The search for published guidelines about diagnostic research yielded 33 previously published checklists, from which we extracted a list of 75 potential items. At the consensus meeting, participants shortened the list to a 25 item checklist, by using evidence, whenever available. A prototype of a flow diagram provides information about the method of patient recruitment, the order of test execution, and the numbers of patients undergoing the test under evaluation and the reference standard, or both.

Conclusions Evaluation of research depends on complete and accurate reporting. If medical journals adopt the STARD checklist and flow diagram, the quality of reporting of studies of diagnostic accuracy should improve to the advantage of clinicians, researchers, reviewers, journals, and the public.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)41-44
Number of pages4
JournalBritish Medical Journal
Volume326
Issue number7379
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 4 Jan 2003
Externally publishedYes

Cite this

Bossuyt, PM., Reitsma, JB., Bruns, DE., Gatsonis, CA., Glasziou, PP., Irwig, LM., ... STARD Steering Grp (2003). Towards complete and accurate reporting of studies of diagnostic accuracy: The STARD initiative. British Medical Journal, 326(7379), 41-44. https://doi.org/10.1136/bmj.326.7379.41
Bossuyt, PM ; Reitsma, JB ; Bruns, DE ; Gatsonis, CA ; Glasziou, PP ; Irwig, LM ; Lijmer, JG ; Moher, D ; Rennie, D ; de Vet, Henrica C W ; STARD Steering Grp. / Towards complete and accurate reporting of studies of diagnostic accuracy : The STARD initiative. In: British Medical Journal. 2003 ; Vol. 326, No. 7379. pp. 41-44.
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abstract = "Objective To improve the accuracy and completeness of reporting of studies of diagnostic accuracy, to allow readers to assess the potential for bias in a study, and to evaluate a study's generalisability.Methods The Standards for Reporting of Diagnostic Accuracy (STARD) steering committee searched the literature to identify publications on the appropriate conduct and reporting of diagnostic studies and extracted potential items into an extensive list. Researchers, editors, and members of professional organisations shortened this list during a two day consensus meeting, with the goal of developing a checklist and a generic flow diagram for studies of diagnostic accuracy.Results The search for published guidelines about diagnostic research yielded 33 previously published checklists, from which we extracted a list of 75 potential items. At the consensus meeting, participants shortened the list to a 25 item checklist, by using evidence, whenever available. A prototype of a flow diagram provides information about the method of patient recruitment, the order of test execution, and the numbers of patients undergoing the test under evaluation and the reference standard, or both.Conclusions Evaluation of research depends on complete and accurate reporting. If medical journals adopt the STARD checklist and flow diagram, the quality of reporting of studies of diagnostic accuracy should improve to the advantage of clinicians, researchers, reviewers, journals, and the public.",
author = "PM Bossuyt and JB Reitsma and DE Bruns and CA Gatsonis and PP Glasziou and LM Irwig and JG Lijmer and D Moher and D Rennie and {de Vet}, {Henrica C W} and {STARD Steering Grp}",
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Bossuyt, PM, Reitsma, JB, Bruns, DE, Gatsonis, CA, Glasziou, PP, Irwig, LM, Lijmer, JG, Moher, D, Rennie, D, de Vet, HCW & STARD Steering Grp 2003, 'Towards complete and accurate reporting of studies of diagnostic accuracy: The STARD initiative' British Medical Journal, vol. 326, no. 7379, pp. 41-44. https://doi.org/10.1136/bmj.326.7379.41

Towards complete and accurate reporting of studies of diagnostic accuracy : The STARD initiative. / Bossuyt, PM; Reitsma, JB; Bruns, DE; Gatsonis, CA; Glasziou, PP; Irwig, LM; Lijmer, JG; Moher, D; Rennie, D; de Vet, Henrica C W; STARD Steering Grp.

In: British Medical Journal, Vol. 326, No. 7379, 04.01.2003, p. 41-44.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleResearchpeer-review

TY - JOUR

T1 - Towards complete and accurate reporting of studies of diagnostic accuracy

T2 - The STARD initiative

AU - Bossuyt, PM

AU - Reitsma, JB

AU - Bruns, DE

AU - Gatsonis, CA

AU - Glasziou, PP

AU - Irwig, LM

AU - Lijmer, JG

AU - Moher, D

AU - Rennie, D

AU - de Vet, Henrica C W

AU - STARD Steering Grp

PY - 2003/1/4

Y1 - 2003/1/4

N2 - Objective To improve the accuracy and completeness of reporting of studies of diagnostic accuracy, to allow readers to assess the potential for bias in a study, and to evaluate a study's generalisability.Methods The Standards for Reporting of Diagnostic Accuracy (STARD) steering committee searched the literature to identify publications on the appropriate conduct and reporting of diagnostic studies and extracted potential items into an extensive list. Researchers, editors, and members of professional organisations shortened this list during a two day consensus meeting, with the goal of developing a checklist and a generic flow diagram for studies of diagnostic accuracy.Results The search for published guidelines about diagnostic research yielded 33 previously published checklists, from which we extracted a list of 75 potential items. At the consensus meeting, participants shortened the list to a 25 item checklist, by using evidence, whenever available. A prototype of a flow diagram provides information about the method of patient recruitment, the order of test execution, and the numbers of patients undergoing the test under evaluation and the reference standard, or both.Conclusions Evaluation of research depends on complete and accurate reporting. If medical journals adopt the STARD checklist and flow diagram, the quality of reporting of studies of diagnostic accuracy should improve to the advantage of clinicians, researchers, reviewers, journals, and the public.

AB - Objective To improve the accuracy and completeness of reporting of studies of diagnostic accuracy, to allow readers to assess the potential for bias in a study, and to evaluate a study's generalisability.Methods The Standards for Reporting of Diagnostic Accuracy (STARD) steering committee searched the literature to identify publications on the appropriate conduct and reporting of diagnostic studies and extracted potential items into an extensive list. Researchers, editors, and members of professional organisations shortened this list during a two day consensus meeting, with the goal of developing a checklist and a generic flow diagram for studies of diagnostic accuracy.Results The search for published guidelines about diagnostic research yielded 33 previously published checklists, from which we extracted a list of 75 potential items. At the consensus meeting, participants shortened the list to a 25 item checklist, by using evidence, whenever available. A prototype of a flow diagram provides information about the method of patient recruitment, the order of test execution, and the numbers of patients undergoing the test under evaluation and the reference standard, or both.Conclusions Evaluation of research depends on complete and accurate reporting. If medical journals adopt the STARD checklist and flow diagram, the quality of reporting of studies of diagnostic accuracy should improve to the advantage of clinicians, researchers, reviewers, journals, and the public.

U2 - 10.1136/bmj.326.7379.41

DO - 10.1136/bmj.326.7379.41

M3 - Article

VL - 326

SP - 41

EP - 44

JO - BMJ (Clinical research ed.)

JF - BMJ (Clinical research ed.)

SN - 0959-535X

IS - 7379

ER -