Towards complete and accurate reporting of studies of diagnostic accuracy: The STARD initiative

PM Bossuyt, JB Reitsma, DE Bruns, CA Gatsonis, PP Glasziou, LM Irwig, JG Lijmer, D Moher, D Rennie, Henrica CW de Vet, STARD Group

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleResearchpeer-review

688 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Background: To comprehend the results of diagnostic accuracy studies, readers must understand the design, conduct, analysis, and results of such studies. That goal can be achieved only through complete transparency from authors.

Objective: To improve the accuracy and completeness of reporting of studies of diagnostic accuracy to allow readers to assess the potential for bias in the study and to evaluate its generalisability.

Methods: The Standards for Reporting of Diagnostic Accuracy (STARD) steering committee searched the literature to identify publications on the appropriate conduct and reporting of diagnostic studies and extracted potential items into an extensive list. Researchers, editors, and members of professional organisations shortened this list during a two-day consensus meeting with the goal of developing a checklist and a generic flow diagram for studies of diagnostic accuracy.

Results: The search for published guidelines on diagnostic research yielded 33 previously published checklists, from which we extracted a list of 75 potential items. The consensus meeting shortened the list to 25 items, using evidence on bias whenever available. A prototypical flow diagram provides information about the method of patient recruitment, the order of test execution and the numbers of patients undergoing the test under evaluation, the reference standard or both.

Conclusions: Evaluation of research depends on complete and accurate reporting. If medical journals adopt the checklist and the flow diagram, the quality of reporting of studies of diagnostic accuracy should improve to the advantage of clinicians, researchers, reviewers, journals, and the public.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1-6
Number of pages6
JournalClinical Chemistry
Volume49
Issue number1
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Jan 2003

Cite this

Bossuyt, PM., Reitsma, JB., Bruns, DE., Gatsonis, CA., Glasziou, PP., Irwig, LM., ... STARD Group (2003). Towards complete and accurate reporting of studies of diagnostic accuracy: The STARD initiative. Clinical Chemistry, 49(1), 1-6. https://doi.org/10.1373/49.1.1
Bossuyt, PM ; Reitsma, JB ; Bruns, DE ; Gatsonis, CA ; Glasziou, PP ; Irwig, LM ; Lijmer, JG ; Moher, D ; Rennie, D ; de Vet, Henrica CW ; STARD Group. / Towards complete and accurate reporting of studies of diagnostic accuracy : The STARD initiative. In: Clinical Chemistry. 2003 ; Vol. 49, No. 1. pp. 1-6.
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author = "PM Bossuyt and JB Reitsma and DE Bruns and CA Gatsonis and PP Glasziou and LM Irwig and JG Lijmer and D Moher and D Rennie and {de Vet}, {Henrica CW} and {STARD Group}",
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Bossuyt, PM, Reitsma, JB, Bruns, DE, Gatsonis, CA, Glasziou, PP, Irwig, LM, Lijmer, JG, Moher, D, Rennie, D, de Vet, HCW & STARD Group 2003, 'Towards complete and accurate reporting of studies of diagnostic accuracy: The STARD initiative' Clinical Chemistry, vol. 49, no. 1, pp. 1-6. https://doi.org/10.1373/49.1.1

Towards complete and accurate reporting of studies of diagnostic accuracy : The STARD initiative. / Bossuyt, PM; Reitsma, JB; Bruns, DE; Gatsonis, CA; Glasziou, PP; Irwig, LM; Lijmer, JG; Moher, D; Rennie, D; de Vet, Henrica CW; STARD Group.

In: Clinical Chemistry, Vol. 49, No. 1, 01.2003, p. 1-6.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleResearchpeer-review

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T1 - Towards complete and accurate reporting of studies of diagnostic accuracy

T2 - The STARD initiative

AU - Bossuyt, PM

AU - Reitsma, JB

AU - Bruns, DE

AU - Gatsonis, CA

AU - Glasziou, PP

AU - Irwig, LM

AU - Lijmer, JG

AU - Moher, D

AU - Rennie, D

AU - de Vet, Henrica CW

AU - STARD Group

PY - 2003/1

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N2 - Background: To comprehend the results of diagnostic accuracy studies, readers must understand the design, conduct, analysis, and results of such studies. That goal can be achieved only through complete transparency from authors.Objective: To improve the accuracy and completeness of reporting of studies of diagnostic accuracy to allow readers to assess the potential for bias in the study and to evaluate its generalisability.Methods: The Standards for Reporting of Diagnostic Accuracy (STARD) steering committee searched the literature to identify publications on the appropriate conduct and reporting of diagnostic studies and extracted potential items into an extensive list. Researchers, editors, and members of professional organisations shortened this list during a two-day consensus meeting with the goal of developing a checklist and a generic flow diagram for studies of diagnostic accuracy.Results: The search for published guidelines on diagnostic research yielded 33 previously published checklists, from which we extracted a list of 75 potential items. The consensus meeting shortened the list to 25 items, using evidence on bias whenever available. A prototypical flow diagram provides information about the method of patient recruitment, the order of test execution and the numbers of patients undergoing the test under evaluation, the reference standard or both.Conclusions: Evaluation of research depends on complete and accurate reporting. If medical journals adopt the checklist and the flow diagram, the quality of reporting of studies of diagnostic accuracy should improve to the advantage of clinicians, researchers, reviewers, journals, and the public.

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JO - Clinical Chemistry

JF - Clinical Chemistry

SN - 0009-9147

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ER -