Towards complete and accurate reporting of studies of diagnostic accuracy: The STARD initiative

PM Bossuyt, JB Reitsma, DE Bruns, CA Gatsonis, PP Glasziou, LM Irwig, JG Lijmer, D Moher, D Rennie, Henrica C W de Vet, STARD Group

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleResearchpeer-review

89 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Objective To improve the accuracy and completeness of reporting of studies of diagnostic accuracy, to allow readers to assess the potential for bias in the study and to evaluate its generalisability.

Methods The Standards for Reporting of Diagnostic Accuracy (STARD) steering committee searched the literature to identify publications on the appropriate conduct and reporting of diagnostic studies and extracted potential items into an extensive list. Researchers, editors, and members of professional organisations shortened this list during a two-day consensus meeting with the goal of developing checklist and a generic flow diagram for studies of diagnostic accuracy.

Results The search for published guidelines regarding diagnostic research yielded 33 previously published checklists, from which we extracted a list of 75 potential items. At the consensus meeting, participants shortened the list to 25 items, using evidence on bias whenever available. A prototypical flow diagram provides information about the method of patient recruitment, the order of test execution and the numbers of patients undergoing the test under evaluation, the reference standard or both.

Conclusions Evaluation of research depends on complete and accurate reporting. If medical journals adopt the checklist and the flow diagram, the quality of reporting of studies of diagnostic accuracy should improve to the advantage of clinicians, researchers, reviewers, journals, and the public.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)68-73
Number of pages6
JournalClinical Chemistry and Laboratory Medicine
Volume41
Issue number1
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2003

Cite this

Bossuyt, PM ; Reitsma, JB ; Bruns, DE ; Gatsonis, CA ; Glasziou, PP ; Irwig, LM ; Lijmer, JG ; Moher, D ; Rennie, D ; de Vet, Henrica C W ; STARD Group. / Towards complete and accurate reporting of studies of diagnostic accuracy : The STARD initiative. In: Clinical Chemistry and Laboratory Medicine. 2003 ; Vol. 41, No. 1. pp. 68-73.
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abstract = "Objective To improve the accuracy and completeness of reporting of studies of diagnostic accuracy, to allow readers to assess the potential for bias in the study and to evaluate its generalisability.Methods The Standards for Reporting of Diagnostic Accuracy (STARD) steering committee searched the literature to identify publications on the appropriate conduct and reporting of diagnostic studies and extracted potential items into an extensive list. Researchers, editors, and members of professional organisations shortened this list during a two-day consensus meeting with the goal of developing checklist and a generic flow diagram for studies of diagnostic accuracy.Results The search for published guidelines regarding diagnostic research yielded 33 previously published checklists, from which we extracted a list of 75 potential items. At the consensus meeting, participants shortened the list to 25 items, using evidence on bias whenever available. A prototypical flow diagram provides information about the method of patient recruitment, the order of test execution and the numbers of patients undergoing the test under evaluation, the reference standard or both.Conclusions Evaluation of research depends on complete and accurate reporting. If medical journals adopt the checklist and the flow diagram, the quality of reporting of studies of diagnostic accuracy should improve to the advantage of clinicians, researchers, reviewers, journals, and the public.",
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Bossuyt, PM, Reitsma, JB, Bruns, DE, Gatsonis, CA, Glasziou, PP, Irwig, LM, Lijmer, JG, Moher, D, Rennie, D, de Vet, HCW & STARD Group 2003, 'Towards complete and accurate reporting of studies of diagnostic accuracy: The STARD initiative' Clinical Chemistry and Laboratory Medicine, vol. 41, no. 1, pp. 68-73. https://doi.org/10.1515/CCLM.2003.012

Towards complete and accurate reporting of studies of diagnostic accuracy : The STARD initiative. / Bossuyt, PM; Reitsma, JB; Bruns, DE; Gatsonis, CA; Glasziou, PP; Irwig, LM; Lijmer, JG; Moher, D; Rennie, D; de Vet, Henrica C W; STARD Group.

In: Clinical Chemistry and Laboratory Medicine, Vol. 41, No. 1, 2003, p. 68-73.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleResearchpeer-review

TY - JOUR

T1 - Towards complete and accurate reporting of studies of diagnostic accuracy

T2 - The STARD initiative

AU - Bossuyt, PM

AU - Reitsma, JB

AU - Bruns, DE

AU - Gatsonis, CA

AU - Glasziou, PP

AU - Irwig, LM

AU - Lijmer, JG

AU - Moher, D

AU - Rennie, D

AU - de Vet, Henrica C W

AU - STARD Group

PY - 2003

Y1 - 2003

N2 - Objective To improve the accuracy and completeness of reporting of studies of diagnostic accuracy, to allow readers to assess the potential for bias in the study and to evaluate its generalisability.Methods The Standards for Reporting of Diagnostic Accuracy (STARD) steering committee searched the literature to identify publications on the appropriate conduct and reporting of diagnostic studies and extracted potential items into an extensive list. Researchers, editors, and members of professional organisations shortened this list during a two-day consensus meeting with the goal of developing checklist and a generic flow diagram for studies of diagnostic accuracy.Results The search for published guidelines regarding diagnostic research yielded 33 previously published checklists, from which we extracted a list of 75 potential items. At the consensus meeting, participants shortened the list to 25 items, using evidence on bias whenever available. A prototypical flow diagram provides information about the method of patient recruitment, the order of test execution and the numbers of patients undergoing the test under evaluation, the reference standard or both.Conclusions Evaluation of research depends on complete and accurate reporting. If medical journals adopt the checklist and the flow diagram, the quality of reporting of studies of diagnostic accuracy should improve to the advantage of clinicians, researchers, reviewers, journals, and the public.

AB - Objective To improve the accuracy and completeness of reporting of studies of diagnostic accuracy, to allow readers to assess the potential for bias in the study and to evaluate its generalisability.Methods The Standards for Reporting of Diagnostic Accuracy (STARD) steering committee searched the literature to identify publications on the appropriate conduct and reporting of diagnostic studies and extracted potential items into an extensive list. Researchers, editors, and members of professional organisations shortened this list during a two-day consensus meeting with the goal of developing checklist and a generic flow diagram for studies of diagnostic accuracy.Results The search for published guidelines regarding diagnostic research yielded 33 previously published checklists, from which we extracted a list of 75 potential items. At the consensus meeting, participants shortened the list to 25 items, using evidence on bias whenever available. A prototypical flow diagram provides information about the method of patient recruitment, the order of test execution and the numbers of patients undergoing the test under evaluation, the reference standard or both.Conclusions Evaluation of research depends on complete and accurate reporting. If medical journals adopt the checklist and the flow diagram, the quality of reporting of studies of diagnostic accuracy should improve to the advantage of clinicians, researchers, reviewers, journals, and the public.

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JO - European Journal of Clinical Chemistry and Clinical Biochemistry

JF - European Journal of Clinical Chemistry and Clinical Biochemistry

SN - 1434-6621

IS - 1

ER -