Timing of palliative care team referrals for inpatients receiving rapid response services: A retrospective pilot study in a US hospital

Marcella Williams, M. Cardona-Morrell, P. Stevens, J. Bey, M. E. Smith Glasgow

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleResearchpeer-review

5 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Background/objectives Research indicates up to one-third of rapid response team calls relate to end-of-life symptoms. The CriSTAL criteria were developed as a screening tool to identify high risk of death within three months. The primary purpose of this pilot study was to investigate the timing of palliative care referrals in patients receiving rapid response team services, and patients’ CriSTAL criteria score on admission. The potential feasibility of using the CriSTAL tool to stimulate earlier Palliative Care Team (PCT) referral served as an underlying goal, and investigation of a relationship between specific CriSTAL criteria and the prediction of in-hospital death was a secondary objective. Design A retrospective chart review of rapid response calls made in 2015 was used to identify patient risk of death on admission based on the CriSTAL criteria. The presence and timing of PCT referral as well as patient survival status to hospital discharge were documented for comparison. Setting/participants A sample of 183 charts from 584 inpatients involved in over 600 RRT events recorded in 2015. The study was undertaken in a 676-bed teaching hospital in the Midwestern U.S. Methods/results Ninety-one patients died during the hospital stay while 92 patients from the 493 individuals who survived were randomly selected for full analysis. Applying CriSTAL criteria to the 141 individuals aged 50 years or older indicated that frailty (OR = 1.43, 95%CI 1.08–1.89, p = 0.012), being a male (OR = 3.14; 95%CI 1.40–7.05, p = 0.006), and the presence of two or more comorbidities (OR = 3.71, 95%CI 1.67–8.24, p = 0.001) were the most significant predictors of in-hospital death after adjusting for age. A CriSTAL score of 6 was the optimal cut-off for high-risk of in-hospital death. Palliative care consultations within the high-risk population occurred for 45.2% of the deceased and 40.4% of the survivors. Consultation often occurred within two days of the RRT event and many patients (46.8%) died within one day of the consultation. Conclusion A positive relationship was found between the CriSTAL score, palliative care referral, and in-hospital mortality in patients who received RRT services. The study indicates a need for earlier PCT referral, showcases the potential to identify high risk of in-hospital death upon admission and supports the feasibility of using the CriSTAL criteria tool to encourage earlier PCT referrals.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)147-153
Number of pages7
JournalInternational Journal of Nursing Studies
Volume75
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1 Oct 2017
Externally publishedYes

Fingerprint

Palliative Care
Inpatients
Referral and Consultation
Retrospective Studies
Hospital Mortality
Teaching Hospitals
Survivors
Comorbidity
Length of Stay
Survival
Research
Population

Cite this

@article{6b3212a0395a41a096dd207c1f6d8dfa,
title = "Timing of palliative care team referrals for inpatients receiving rapid response services: A retrospective pilot study in a US hospital",
abstract = "Background/objectives Research indicates up to one-third of rapid response team calls relate to end-of-life symptoms. The CriSTAL criteria were developed as a screening tool to identify high risk of death within three months. The primary purpose of this pilot study was to investigate the timing of palliative care referrals in patients receiving rapid response team services, and patients’ CriSTAL criteria score on admission. The potential feasibility of using the CriSTAL tool to stimulate earlier Palliative Care Team (PCT) referral served as an underlying goal, and investigation of a relationship between specific CriSTAL criteria and the prediction of in-hospital death was a secondary objective. Design A retrospective chart review of rapid response calls made in 2015 was used to identify patient risk of death on admission based on the CriSTAL criteria. The presence and timing of PCT referral as well as patient survival status to hospital discharge were documented for comparison. Setting/participants A sample of 183 charts from 584 inpatients involved in over 600 RRT events recorded in 2015. The study was undertaken in a 676-bed teaching hospital in the Midwestern U.S. Methods/results Ninety-one patients died during the hospital stay while 92 patients from the 493 individuals who survived were randomly selected for full analysis. Applying CriSTAL criteria to the 141 individuals aged 50 years or older indicated that frailty (OR = 1.43, 95{\%}CI 1.08–1.89, p = 0.012), being a male (OR = 3.14; 95{\%}CI 1.40–7.05, p = 0.006), and the presence of two or more comorbidities (OR = 3.71, 95{\%}CI 1.67–8.24, p = 0.001) were the most significant predictors of in-hospital death after adjusting for age. A CriSTAL score of 6 was the optimal cut-off for high-risk of in-hospital death. Palliative care consultations within the high-risk population occurred for 45.2{\%} of the deceased and 40.4{\%} of the survivors. Consultation often occurred within two days of the RRT event and many patients (46.8{\%}) died within one day of the consultation. Conclusion A positive relationship was found between the CriSTAL score, palliative care referral, and in-hospital mortality in patients who received RRT services. The study indicates a need for earlier PCT referral, showcases the potential to identify high risk of in-hospital death upon admission and supports the feasibility of using the CriSTAL criteria tool to encourage earlier PCT referrals.",
author = "Marcella Williams and M. Cardona-Morrell and P. Stevens and J. Bey and {Smith Glasgow}, {M. E.}",
year = "2017",
month = "10",
day = "1",
doi = "10.1016/j.ijnurstu.2017.07.017",
language = "English",
volume = "75",
pages = "147--153",
journal = "International Journal of Nursing Studies",
issn = "0020-7489",
publisher = "Elsevier",

}

Timing of palliative care team referrals for inpatients receiving rapid response services : A retrospective pilot study in a US hospital. / Williams, Marcella; Cardona-Morrell, M.; Stevens, P.; Bey, J.; Smith Glasgow, M. E.

In: International Journal of Nursing Studies, Vol. 75, 01.10.2017, p. 147-153.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleResearchpeer-review

TY - JOUR

T1 - Timing of palliative care team referrals for inpatients receiving rapid response services

T2 - A retrospective pilot study in a US hospital

AU - Williams, Marcella

AU - Cardona-Morrell, M.

AU - Stevens, P.

AU - Bey, J.

AU - Smith Glasgow, M. E.

PY - 2017/10/1

Y1 - 2017/10/1

N2 - Background/objectives Research indicates up to one-third of rapid response team calls relate to end-of-life symptoms. The CriSTAL criteria were developed as a screening tool to identify high risk of death within three months. The primary purpose of this pilot study was to investigate the timing of palliative care referrals in patients receiving rapid response team services, and patients’ CriSTAL criteria score on admission. The potential feasibility of using the CriSTAL tool to stimulate earlier Palliative Care Team (PCT) referral served as an underlying goal, and investigation of a relationship between specific CriSTAL criteria and the prediction of in-hospital death was a secondary objective. Design A retrospective chart review of rapid response calls made in 2015 was used to identify patient risk of death on admission based on the CriSTAL criteria. The presence and timing of PCT referral as well as patient survival status to hospital discharge were documented for comparison. Setting/participants A sample of 183 charts from 584 inpatients involved in over 600 RRT events recorded in 2015. The study was undertaken in a 676-bed teaching hospital in the Midwestern U.S. Methods/results Ninety-one patients died during the hospital stay while 92 patients from the 493 individuals who survived were randomly selected for full analysis. Applying CriSTAL criteria to the 141 individuals aged 50 years or older indicated that frailty (OR = 1.43, 95%CI 1.08–1.89, p = 0.012), being a male (OR = 3.14; 95%CI 1.40–7.05, p = 0.006), and the presence of two or more comorbidities (OR = 3.71, 95%CI 1.67–8.24, p = 0.001) were the most significant predictors of in-hospital death after adjusting for age. A CriSTAL score of 6 was the optimal cut-off for high-risk of in-hospital death. Palliative care consultations within the high-risk population occurred for 45.2% of the deceased and 40.4% of the survivors. Consultation often occurred within two days of the RRT event and many patients (46.8%) died within one day of the consultation. Conclusion A positive relationship was found between the CriSTAL score, palliative care referral, and in-hospital mortality in patients who received RRT services. The study indicates a need for earlier PCT referral, showcases the potential to identify high risk of in-hospital death upon admission and supports the feasibility of using the CriSTAL criteria tool to encourage earlier PCT referrals.

AB - Background/objectives Research indicates up to one-third of rapid response team calls relate to end-of-life symptoms. The CriSTAL criteria were developed as a screening tool to identify high risk of death within three months. The primary purpose of this pilot study was to investigate the timing of palliative care referrals in patients receiving rapid response team services, and patients’ CriSTAL criteria score on admission. The potential feasibility of using the CriSTAL tool to stimulate earlier Palliative Care Team (PCT) referral served as an underlying goal, and investigation of a relationship between specific CriSTAL criteria and the prediction of in-hospital death was a secondary objective. Design A retrospective chart review of rapid response calls made in 2015 was used to identify patient risk of death on admission based on the CriSTAL criteria. The presence and timing of PCT referral as well as patient survival status to hospital discharge were documented for comparison. Setting/participants A sample of 183 charts from 584 inpatients involved in over 600 RRT events recorded in 2015. The study was undertaken in a 676-bed teaching hospital in the Midwestern U.S. Methods/results Ninety-one patients died during the hospital stay while 92 patients from the 493 individuals who survived were randomly selected for full analysis. Applying CriSTAL criteria to the 141 individuals aged 50 years or older indicated that frailty (OR = 1.43, 95%CI 1.08–1.89, p = 0.012), being a male (OR = 3.14; 95%CI 1.40–7.05, p = 0.006), and the presence of two or more comorbidities (OR = 3.71, 95%CI 1.67–8.24, p = 0.001) were the most significant predictors of in-hospital death after adjusting for age. A CriSTAL score of 6 was the optimal cut-off for high-risk of in-hospital death. Palliative care consultations within the high-risk population occurred for 45.2% of the deceased and 40.4% of the survivors. Consultation often occurred within two days of the RRT event and many patients (46.8%) died within one day of the consultation. Conclusion A positive relationship was found between the CriSTAL score, palliative care referral, and in-hospital mortality in patients who received RRT services. The study indicates a need for earlier PCT referral, showcases the potential to identify high risk of in-hospital death upon admission and supports the feasibility of using the CriSTAL criteria tool to encourage earlier PCT referrals.

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=85027500201&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.1016/j.ijnurstu.2017.07.017

DO - 10.1016/j.ijnurstu.2017.07.017

M3 - Article

VL - 75

SP - 147

EP - 153

JO - International Journal of Nursing Studies

JF - International Journal of Nursing Studies

SN - 0020-7489

ER -