Cardiac toxicity of chemotherapeutic agents is a rapidly evolving area of increasing significance because of the increasing pool of long-term cancer survivors. The spectrum of cardiotoxicity with chemotherapeutic agents includes hypertension, QTc prolongation, acute cardiomyopathy, and bradyarrhythmias. The most common issue to arise has been cardiomyopathy with anthracyclines. Preventative strategies that have met with some success have included the use of less cardiotoxic analogs such as epirubicin and liposomal anthracycline preparations. The cardioprotectant agent dexrazoxane reduces cardiomyopathy but there are significant toxicity issues. Therefore, the main strategy for preventing cardiotoxicity remains careful monitoring with radionuclide angiography or echocardiography. The role of investigational markers of myocardial injury, such as troponin T or brain natriuretic peptide, remains of great interest. Management is according to conventional management of congestive heart failure.