The prevalence and management of diabetes in rural India

Clara K. Chow*, P. Krishnam Raju, Rama Raju, K. Srinath Reddy, Magnolia Cardona, David S. Celermajer, Bruce C. Neal

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalLetterResearchpeer-review

78 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

[Extract] Very high levels of diabetes have been reported in urban areas of India (1), but few data are available for rural regions where >70% of the population lives. Data from a new large-scale survey done in 2005 suggest rural India may soon experience the same epidemic of diabetes. A total of 4,535 individuals aged ≥30 years (response rate 81%, mean age 46.8 years) were sampled at random age and sex strata from 20 villages representative of Godavari, a developing rural area of Andhra Pradesh. Data were collected using a structured questionnaire and a brief physical examination with fasting finger-prick blood glucose measured in all participants using B-Braun USV meters (Melsungen, Germany). Fasting venous samples were also done in a random subsample of 1,070 individuals. Estimates of diabetes prevalence for the 20 villages were calculated by applying sampling weights derived from a census done in 2004 with diabetes defined by disease history and/or fasting glucose of 7.0 mmol or over.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1717-1718
Number of pages2
JournalDiabetes Care
Volume29
Issue number7
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1 Aug 2006
Externally publishedYes

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India
Fasting
Censuses
Fingers
Physical Examination
Germany
Blood Glucose
Weights and Measures
Glucose
Population
Surveys and Questionnaires

Cite this

Chow, C. K., Raju, P. K., Raju, R., Reddy, K. S., Cardona, M., Celermajer, D. S., & Neal, B. C. (2006). The prevalence and management of diabetes in rural India. Diabetes Care, 29(7), 1717-1718. https://doi.org/10.2337/dc06-0621
Chow, Clara K. ; Raju, P. Krishnam ; Raju, Rama ; Reddy, K. Srinath ; Cardona, Magnolia ; Celermajer, David S. ; Neal, Bruce C. / The prevalence and management of diabetes in rural India. In: Diabetes Care. 2006 ; Vol. 29, No. 7. pp. 1717-1718.
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Chow, CK, Raju, PK, Raju, R, Reddy, KS, Cardona, M, Celermajer, DS & Neal, BC 2006, 'The prevalence and management of diabetes in rural India', Diabetes Care, vol. 29, no. 7, pp. 1717-1718. https://doi.org/10.2337/dc06-0621

The prevalence and management of diabetes in rural India. / Chow, Clara K.; Raju, P. Krishnam; Raju, Rama; Reddy, K. Srinath; Cardona, Magnolia; Celermajer, David S.; Neal, Bruce C.

In: Diabetes Care, Vol. 29, No. 7, 01.08.2006, p. 1717-1718.

Research output: Contribution to journalLetterResearchpeer-review

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Chow CK, Raju PK, Raju R, Reddy KS, Cardona M, Celermajer DS et al. The prevalence and management of diabetes in rural India. Diabetes Care. 2006 Aug 1;29(7):1717-1718. https://doi.org/10.2337/dc06-0621