The prevalence and management of diabetes in rural India

Clara K. Chow*, P. Krishnam Raju, Rama Raju, K. Srinath Reddy, Magnolia Cardona, David S. Celermajer, Bruce C. Neal

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalLetterResearchpeer-review

86 Citations (Scopus)


[Extract] Very high levels of diabetes have been reported in urban areas of India (1), but few data are available for rural regions where >70% of the population lives. Data from a new large-scale survey done in 2005 suggest rural India may soon experience the same epidemic of diabetes. A total of 4,535 individuals aged ≥30 years (response rate 81%, mean age 46.8 years) were sampled at random age and sex strata from 20 villages representative of Godavari, a developing rural area of Andhra Pradesh. Data were collected using a structured questionnaire and a brief physical examination with fasting finger-prick blood glucose measured in all participants using B-Braun USV meters (Melsungen, Germany). Fasting venous samples were also done in a random subsample of 1,070 individuals. Estimates of diabetes prevalence for the 20 villages were calculated by applying sampling weights derived from a census done in 2004 with diabetes defined by disease history and/or fasting glucose of 7.0 mmol or over.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1717-1718
Number of pages2
JournalDiabetes Care
Issue number7
Publication statusPublished - 1 Aug 2006
Externally publishedYes


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