The oral health status, behaviours and knowledge of patients with cardiovascular disease in Sydney Australia: A cross-sectional survey

Paula Sanchez*, Bronwyn Everett, Yenna Salamonson, Julie Redfern, Shilpi Ajwani, Sameer Bhole, Joshua Bishop, Karen Lintern, Samantha Nolan, Rohan Rajaratnam, Maria Sheehan, Fiona Skarligos, Lissa Spencer, Ravi Srinivas, Ajesh George

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleResearchpeer-review

14 Citations (Scopus)
2 Downloads (Pure)

Abstract

Background: 

Periodontal disease is a risk factor for atherosclerotic cardiovascular disease and it is recommended internationally that patients with cardiovascular disease should engage in preventative oral health practices and attend regular dental care visits. This study aimed to explore the oral health status, behaviours and knowledge of patients with cardiovascular disease. 

Methods:

A cross-sectional questionnaire containing 31 items was administered to patients with cardiovascular disease from cardiac rehabilitation and outpatient clinics in Sydney Australia in 2016-2017. 

Results: 

Of the 318 patients surveyed, 81.1% reported having at least one oral health problem. Over a third (41.2%) of participants had not seen a dentist in the preceding 12 months and 10.7% had received any oral healthcare information in the cardiac setting. Those with valvular conditions were more likely to have received information compared to those with other cardiovascular conditions (40.6% versus 7.4%, p < 0.001). Only half of the participants had adequate oral health knowledge. 

Conclusions: 

Despite a high incidence of reported oral health problems, many patients lacked knowledge about oral health, were not receiving oral health information from cardiac care providers and had difficulty accessing dental services. Further research is needed to develop oral health strategies in this area.

Original languageEnglish
Article number12
Pages (from-to)1-9
Number of pages9
JournalBMC Oral Health
Volume19
Issue number1
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 11 Jan 2019
Externally publishedYes

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