The impact of nutrition support on body composition in cancer outpatients receiving radiotherapy

E Isenring, S Capra, J Bauer, PSW Davies

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Abstract

This study investigated the change in body composition in 36 cancer outpatients receiving radiotherapy to the head and neck area (mean age: 63+/-15 years) randomised to receive either nutrition intervention (NI; n=15) or usual care (UC; n=21). Body weight and composition were measured at the commencement of radiotherapy and 3 months later. The UC group lost significantly more weight; mean decrease=4.3 kg, than the NI group: mean decrease=1.1 kg (t((30))=-2.5, p=0.019). Fat-free mass loss was significantly higher in the UC group with a mean loss of 2.2 kg versus 0.3 kg in the NI group (t((30))=-2.3, p=0.029). Body composition as measured by foot-to-foot bioelectrical impedance analysis provides more information than weight alone and can allow for tailoring of NI.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)S162-S164
Number of pages3
JournalActa Diabetologica
Volume40
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Oct 2003
Externally publishedYes
Event6th International Symposium on In Vivo Body Composition Studies - ROME, Italy
Duration: 3 Oct 20025 Oct 2002

Cite this

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title = "The impact of nutrition support on body composition in cancer outpatients receiving radiotherapy",
abstract = "This study investigated the change in body composition in 36 cancer outpatients receiving radiotherapy to the head and neck area (mean age: 63+/-15 years) randomised to receive either nutrition intervention (NI; n=15) or usual care (UC; n=21). Body weight and composition were measured at the commencement of radiotherapy and 3 months later. The UC group lost significantly more weight; mean decrease=4.3 kg, than the NI group: mean decrease=1.1 kg (t((30))=-2.5, p=0.019). Fat-free mass loss was significantly higher in the UC group with a mean loss of 2.2 kg versus 0.3 kg in the NI group (t((30))=-2.3, p=0.029). Body composition as measured by foot-to-foot bioelectrical impedance analysis provides more information than weight alone and can allow for tailoring of NI.",
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The impact of nutrition support on body composition in cancer outpatients receiving radiotherapy. / Isenring, E; Capra, S; Bauer, J; Davies, PSW.

In: Acta Diabetologica, Vol. 40, 10.2003, p. S162-S164.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleResearchpeer-review

TY - JOUR

T1 - The impact of nutrition support on body composition in cancer outpatients receiving radiotherapy

AU - Isenring, E

AU - Capra, S

AU - Bauer, J

AU - Davies, PSW

PY - 2003/10

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N2 - This study investigated the change in body composition in 36 cancer outpatients receiving radiotherapy to the head and neck area (mean age: 63+/-15 years) randomised to receive either nutrition intervention (NI; n=15) or usual care (UC; n=21). Body weight and composition were measured at the commencement of radiotherapy and 3 months later. The UC group lost significantly more weight; mean decrease=4.3 kg, than the NI group: mean decrease=1.1 kg (t((30))=-2.5, p=0.019). Fat-free mass loss was significantly higher in the UC group with a mean loss of 2.2 kg versus 0.3 kg in the NI group (t((30))=-2.3, p=0.029). Body composition as measured by foot-to-foot bioelectrical impedance analysis provides more information than weight alone and can allow for tailoring of NI.

AB - This study investigated the change in body composition in 36 cancer outpatients receiving radiotherapy to the head and neck area (mean age: 63+/-15 years) randomised to receive either nutrition intervention (NI; n=15) or usual care (UC; n=21). Body weight and composition were measured at the commencement of radiotherapy and 3 months later. The UC group lost significantly more weight; mean decrease=4.3 kg, than the NI group: mean decrease=1.1 kg (t((30))=-2.5, p=0.019). Fat-free mass loss was significantly higher in the UC group with a mean loss of 2.2 kg versus 0.3 kg in the NI group (t((30))=-2.3, p=0.029). Body composition as measured by foot-to-foot bioelectrical impedance analysis provides more information than weight alone and can allow for tailoring of NI.

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DO - 10.1007/s00592-003-0054-6

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SP - S162-S164

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