The global prevalence of musculoskeletal disorders among firefighters: a systematic review and meta-analysis

Amir Hossein Khoshakhlagh, Saeid Yazdanirad*, Saleh Al Sulaie, Abdollah Mohammadian-Hafshejani, Rob Marc Orr

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleResearchpeer-review

Abstract

This systematic review and meta-analysis study aimed to explore the global prevalence of musculoskeletal disorders (MSDs) among firefighters. A systematical search was performed in three international academic databases (Scopus, PubMed and Web of Science). Overall, 31 articles were included in this review. The pooled prevalence of total MSDs in firefighters was identified as 41% (95% confidence interval [CI] [33, 50]). The prevalence of MSDs in neck, shoulders, upper back, lower back, upper extremity and lower extremity was 9% (95% CI [7, 10]), 11% (95% CI [8, 15]), 8% (95% CI [5, 12]), 31% (95% CI [27, 34]), 13% (95% CI [9, 17]) and 16% (95% CI [14, 18]), respectively. No statistically significant relationship was observed between prevalence of MSDs and year of study, mean age, size of sample, duration of prevalence, region or income level. Demographic, occupational and medical condition factors were identified that can create these disorders among firefighters.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1-33
Number of pages33
JournalInternational Journal of Occupational Safety and Ergonomics
Early online date17 Dec 2023
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 17 Jan 2024

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