The Effects of Temporal Aggregation on Granger Causality

Gulasekaran Rajaguru, Tilak Abeysinghe

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Abstract

Economists often have to use temporally aggregated data in causality tests. A number of theoretical studies have pointed out that temporal aggregation has distorting effects on causal inference. This paper examines the issue in detail by plugging in theoretical cross covariances into the limiting values of least squares estimates. An extensive Monte Carlo study is conducted to examine small sample results. An empirical example is also provided. It is observed that in general the most distorting causal inferences are likely at low levels of aggregation where the order of aggregation just exceeds the actual causal lag. At high levels of aggregation, causal information concentrates in contemporaneous correlations. At present, a data-based approach is not available to establish the direction of causality between contemporaneously correlated variables.
Original languageEnglish
Publication statusPublished - 2001
Externally publishedYes
Event2001 Econometric Society Australasian Meetings - Auckland, New Zealand
Duration: 6 Jul 20019 Jul 2001

Conference

Conference2001 Econometric Society Australasian Meetings
CountryNew Zealand
CityAuckland
Period6/07/019/07/01

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Temporal aggregation
Granger causality
Causal inference
Contemporaneous correlation
Lag
Causality test
Causality
Economists
Small sample
Least squares
Monte Carlo study

Cite this

Rajaguru, G., & Abeysinghe, T. (2001). The Effects of Temporal Aggregation on Granger Causality. Paper presented at 2001 Econometric Society Australasian Meetings, Auckland, New Zealand.
Rajaguru, Gulasekaran ; Abeysinghe, Tilak. / The Effects of Temporal Aggregation on Granger Causality. Paper presented at 2001 Econometric Society Australasian Meetings, Auckland, New Zealand.
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abstract = "Economists often have to use temporally aggregated data in causality tests. A number of theoretical studies have pointed out that temporal aggregation has distorting effects on causal inference. This paper examines the issue in detail by plugging in theoretical cross covariances into the limiting values of least squares estimates. An extensive Monte Carlo study is conducted to examine small sample results. An empirical example is also provided. It is observed that in general the most distorting causal inferences are likely at low levels of aggregation where the order of aggregation just exceeds the actual causal lag. At high levels of aggregation, causal information concentrates in contemporaneous correlations. At present, a data-based approach is not available to establish the direction of causality between contemporaneously correlated variables.",
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Rajaguru, G & Abeysinghe, T 2001, 'The Effects of Temporal Aggregation on Granger Causality' Paper presented at 2001 Econometric Society Australasian Meetings, Auckland, New Zealand, 6/07/01 - 9/07/01, .

The Effects of Temporal Aggregation on Granger Causality. / Rajaguru, Gulasekaran; Abeysinghe, Tilak.

2001. Paper presented at 2001 Econometric Society Australasian Meetings, Auckland, New Zealand.

Research output: Contribution to conferencePaperResearchpeer-review

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T1 - The Effects of Temporal Aggregation on Granger Causality

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AU - Abeysinghe, Tilak

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AB - Economists often have to use temporally aggregated data in causality tests. A number of theoretical studies have pointed out that temporal aggregation has distorting effects on causal inference. This paper examines the issue in detail by plugging in theoretical cross covariances into the limiting values of least squares estimates. An extensive Monte Carlo study is conducted to examine small sample results. An empirical example is also provided. It is observed that in general the most distorting causal inferences are likely at low levels of aggregation where the order of aggregation just exceeds the actual causal lag. At high levels of aggregation, causal information concentrates in contemporaneous correlations. At present, a data-based approach is not available to establish the direction of causality between contemporaneously correlated variables.

M3 - Paper

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Rajaguru G, Abeysinghe T. The Effects of Temporal Aggregation on Granger Causality. 2001. Paper presented at 2001 Econometric Society Australasian Meetings, Auckland, New Zealand.