This study links the experience of loneliness to the use of relational maintenance behaviors. More precisely, an attributional perspective on loneliness is adopted, wherein chronic loneliness leads to attributions for the cause of loneliness to stable, internal, and uncontrollable factors; situational loneliness is more likely to be attributed to unstable, external, and controllable factors. Over 400 participants completed measures of chronic and situational loneliness, and relational maintenance strategies. Residts indicated that both forms of loneliness are negatively associated with maintenance strategies. As anticipated, chronically lonely people reported the least use of relational maintenance behaviors across relationship types.
Henson, D. F., Dybvig-Pawelko, K., & Canary, D. (2004). The effects of loneliness on relational maintenance behaviors: An attributional perspective. Communication Research Reports, 21(4), 411-419. https://doi.org/10.1080/08824090409360005