The effects of empathy, emotional intelligence and psychopathy on interpersonal interactions

Elise S. Owens, Ferguson W.H. McPharlin, Nathan Brooks, Katarina Fritzon

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleResearchpeer-review

Abstract

The current study investigated the relationships between empathy (emotional and cognitive), emotional intelligence, psychopathy, emotional contagion, and non-conscious behavioural mimicry (smiles and hand scratches), using self-report scales and a script-based interview session exhibiting nine non-verbal gestures, on a student sample. Past findings suggest a deficit of emotional but not cognitive empathy in psychopaths. Empirical research on non-conscious behavioural mimicry in psychopathy with reference to emotional intelligence is somewhat scarce; however it was proposed that individuals high in psychopathic traits would show reduced emotional mimicry based on the relation of empathy to mimicry. The study was quasi-experimental, involving individual assessment of 51 participants. Results suggest decreased emotional empathy at high levels of psychopathy and show that emotional intelligence moderates the relationship between psychopathy and non-conscious mimicry (smiles per minute). Social competence might be more predictive of effects of psychopathy on non-conscious mimicry.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1-18
Number of pages18
JournalPsychiatry, Psychology and Law
Volume25
Issue number1
Early online date9 Aug 2017
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2 Jan 2018

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Emotional Intelligence
emotional intelligence
empathy
interaction
Gestures
Empirical Research
social competence
Self Report
empirical research
deficit
Hand
Interviews
Students
interview
student

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Owens, Elise S. ; McPharlin, Ferguson W.H. ; Brooks, Nathan ; Fritzon, Katarina. / The effects of empathy, emotional intelligence and psychopathy on interpersonal interactions. In: Psychiatry, Psychology and Law. 2018 ; Vol. 25, No. 1. pp. 1-18.
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The effects of empathy, emotional intelligence and psychopathy on interpersonal interactions. / Owens, Elise S.; McPharlin, Ferguson W.H.; Brooks, Nathan; Fritzon, Katarina.

In: Psychiatry, Psychology and Law, Vol. 25, No. 1, 02.01.2018, p. 1-18.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleResearchpeer-review

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