The effects of culture and friendship on rewarding honesty and punishing deception

Cynthia S. Wang, Angela K y Leung, Ya Hui Michelle See, Xiang Yu Gao

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleResearchpeer-review

17 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

The present research explores whether the type of relationship one holds with deceptive or honest actors influences cross-cultural differences in reward and punishment. Research suggests that Americans reward honest actors more than they punish deceptive perpetrators, whereas East Asians reward and punish equally (Wang & Leung, 2010). Our research suggests that the type of relationship with the actor matters for East Asians, but not for Americans. East Asians exhibit favoritism toward their friends by rewarding more than punishing them, but reward and punish equally when the actors are strangers (Experiment 1 and 2); Americans reward more than they punish regardless of the type of relationship (Experiment 2). Furthermore, the findings were replicated when the proposed mechanism - social mobility - was manipulated within the same culture (Experiment 3). We discuss the implications of these findings for understanding how friends versus strangers are rewarded and punished in an increasingly relationally complex world.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1295-1299
Number of pages5
JournalJournal of Experimental Social Psychology
Volume47
Issue number6
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Nov 2011
Externally publishedYes

Fingerprint

Deception
Reward
friendship
reward
experiment
Social Mobility
Research
Punishment
Asian Americans
cultural difference
penalty

Cite this

Wang, Cynthia S. ; Leung, Angela K y ; See, Ya Hui Michelle ; Gao, Xiang Yu. / The effects of culture and friendship on rewarding honesty and punishing deception. In: Journal of Experimental Social Psychology. 2011 ; Vol. 47, No. 6. pp. 1295-1299.
@article{d58acbfb02f9434c9a36bd7132627232,
title = "The effects of culture and friendship on rewarding honesty and punishing deception",
abstract = "The present research explores whether the type of relationship one holds with deceptive or honest actors influences cross-cultural differences in reward and punishment. Research suggests that Americans reward honest actors more than they punish deceptive perpetrators, whereas East Asians reward and punish equally (Wang & Leung, 2010). Our research suggests that the type of relationship with the actor matters for East Asians, but not for Americans. East Asians exhibit favoritism toward their friends by rewarding more than punishing them, but reward and punish equally when the actors are strangers (Experiment 1 and 2); Americans reward more than they punish regardless of the type of relationship (Experiment 2). Furthermore, the findings were replicated when the proposed mechanism - social mobility - was manipulated within the same culture (Experiment 3). We discuss the implications of these findings for understanding how friends versus strangers are rewarded and punished in an increasingly relationally complex world.",
author = "Wang, {Cynthia S.} and Leung, {Angela K y} and See, {Ya Hui Michelle} and Gao, {Xiang Yu}",
year = "2011",
month = "11",
doi = "10.1016/j.jesp.2011.04.011",
language = "English",
volume = "47",
pages = "1295--1299",
journal = "Journal of Experimental Social Psychology",
issn = "0022-1031",
publisher = "Academic Press Inc.",
number = "6",

}

The effects of culture and friendship on rewarding honesty and punishing deception. / Wang, Cynthia S.; Leung, Angela K y; See, Ya Hui Michelle; Gao, Xiang Yu.

In: Journal of Experimental Social Psychology, Vol. 47, No. 6, 11.2011, p. 1295-1299.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleResearchpeer-review

TY - JOUR

T1 - The effects of culture and friendship on rewarding honesty and punishing deception

AU - Wang, Cynthia S.

AU - Leung, Angela K y

AU - See, Ya Hui Michelle

AU - Gao, Xiang Yu

PY - 2011/11

Y1 - 2011/11

N2 - The present research explores whether the type of relationship one holds with deceptive or honest actors influences cross-cultural differences in reward and punishment. Research suggests that Americans reward honest actors more than they punish deceptive perpetrators, whereas East Asians reward and punish equally (Wang & Leung, 2010). Our research suggests that the type of relationship with the actor matters for East Asians, but not for Americans. East Asians exhibit favoritism toward their friends by rewarding more than punishing them, but reward and punish equally when the actors are strangers (Experiment 1 and 2); Americans reward more than they punish regardless of the type of relationship (Experiment 2). Furthermore, the findings were replicated when the proposed mechanism - social mobility - was manipulated within the same culture (Experiment 3). We discuss the implications of these findings for understanding how friends versus strangers are rewarded and punished in an increasingly relationally complex world.

AB - The present research explores whether the type of relationship one holds with deceptive or honest actors influences cross-cultural differences in reward and punishment. Research suggests that Americans reward honest actors more than they punish deceptive perpetrators, whereas East Asians reward and punish equally (Wang & Leung, 2010). Our research suggests that the type of relationship with the actor matters for East Asians, but not for Americans. East Asians exhibit favoritism toward their friends by rewarding more than punishing them, but reward and punish equally when the actors are strangers (Experiment 1 and 2); Americans reward more than they punish regardless of the type of relationship (Experiment 2). Furthermore, the findings were replicated when the proposed mechanism - social mobility - was manipulated within the same culture (Experiment 3). We discuss the implications of these findings for understanding how friends versus strangers are rewarded and punished in an increasingly relationally complex world.

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=80051887745&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.1016/j.jesp.2011.04.011

DO - 10.1016/j.jesp.2011.04.011

M3 - Article

VL - 47

SP - 1295

EP - 1299

JO - Journal of Experimental Social Psychology

JF - Journal of Experimental Social Psychology

SN - 0022-1031

IS - 6

ER -