The effect of myeloablative radiation on urinary bladder mast cells

Jessica Smith, Jonathan Kah Huat Tan, Christie Short, Helen C O'Neill, Christian Moro*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleResearchpeer-review

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Abstract

Radiation-induced cystitis is an inflammatory condition affecting the urinary bladder, which can develop as a side effect of abdominopelvic radiotherapy, specifically external-beam radiation therapy or myeloablative radiotherapy. A possible involvement of mast cells in the pathophysiology of radiation-induced cystitis has been indicated in cases of external-beam radiation therapy; however, there is no evidence that these findings apply to the myeloablative aetiology. As such, this study investigated potential changes to urinary bladder mast cell prevalence when exposed to myeloablative radiation. Lethally irradiated C57BL/6J mice that received donor rescue bone marrow cells exhibited an increased mast cell frequency amongst host leukocytes 1 week following irradiation. By 4 weeks, no significant difference in either frequency or cell density was observed. However mast cell diameter was smaller, and a significant increase in mast cell number in the adventitia was observed. This study highlights that mast cells constitute a significant portion of the remaining host leukocyte population following radiation exposure, with changes to mast cell distribution and decreased cell diameter four weeks following radiation-induced injury.
Original languageEnglish
Article number6219
Pages (from-to)1-10
Number of pages10
JournalScientific Reports
Volume14
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 14 Mar 2024

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