The effect of increased concentrations of homocysteine on the concentration of (E)-4-hydroxy-2-nonenal in the plasma and cerebrospinal fluid of patients with Alzheimer's disease

M. L. Selley*, D. R. Close, S. E. Stern

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleResearchpeer-review

133 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

There is evidence that increased blood concentrations of homocysteine may be a risk factor for Alzheimer's disease. (E)-4-hydroxy-2-nonenal (HNE) is a neurotoxic product of lipid peroxidation that is increased in the ventricular fluid and brains of patients with Alzheimer's disease. We measured the concentrations of homocysteine, HNE, vitamin B 12 and folate in the plasma of 27 patients with Alzheimer's disease and 25 control subjects. There was a statistically significant increase in the plasma concentration of homocysteine (P < 0.001) and HNE (P < 0.001) in the Alzheimer's disease patients compared to the control group. There was a significant decrease in the plasma concentration of vitamin B 12 (P < 0.001) and folate (P = 0.002) in the Alzheimer's group compared to the controls. There was a significant positive correlation between the plasma concentrations of homocysteine and HNE in the patients with Alzheimer's disease (r = 0.661, P < 0.001). A significant negative correlation was found between the plasma concentration of homocysteine and the plasma concentrations of vitamin B 12 (r = -0.605, P = 0.0006) and folate (r = 0.586, P = 0.001). We also measured the concentrations of homocysteine, HNE, vitamin B 12 and folate in the cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) of 8 patients with Alzhiemer's disease compared to 6 control subjects. The concentrations of homocysteine (P = 0.032) and HNE (P = 0.001) were significantly higher in the CSF of Alzheimer's patients than in the control subjects. There were significant positive correlations between the CSF concentrations of homocysteine and HNE (r = 0.924, P = 0.001). There was also a significant positive correlation between the plasma concentration of homocysteine and the CSF concentrations of homocysteine (r = 0.850, P = 0.007) and HNE (r = 0.092, P = 0.002). These results demonstrate that there is a relationship between increased homocysteine concentrations and increased HNE concentrations in Alzheimer's disease.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)383-388
Number of pages6
JournalNeurobiology of Aging
Volume23
Issue number3
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2002
Externally publishedYes

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