The effect of client and type and size of construction work on a contractor's bidding strategy

Derek Drew*, Martin Skitmore, Hing Po Lo

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleResearchpeer-review

49 Citations (Scopus)
1 Downloads (Pure)

Abstract

This paper offers a bidding strategy model for use by contractors as part of a more informed approach in selecting which contracts to bid for, and as a basis for determining the most appropriate mark-up level for various types and sizes of construction work and client types. Regression analysis is used in measuring a contractor's competitiveness between bids (by using the lowest bid/own bid ratio) and within bids (by using the lowest bid/cost estimate ratio) according to type and size of construction work and client type. The model was tested on a large and reputable Hong Kong contractor. This particular contractor's bidding behaviour was found to be largely unaffected by the type of construction work, but significantly affected by the client type and the size of the construction work. Three quadratic models (regressing lowest bid/cost estimate on the size of the construction work) are also successfully developed for projects from the private sector, the Hong Kong Government and the Hong Kong Housing Authority, respectively.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)393-406
Number of pages14
JournalBuilding and Environment
Volume36
Issue number3
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2001
Externally publishedYes

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