The effect of biological movement variability on the performance of the golf swing in high- and low-handicapped players

Elizabeth J. Bradshaw*, Justin W.L. Keogh, Patria A. Hume, Peter S. Maulder, Jacques Nortje, Michel Marnewick

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleResearchpeer-review

35 Citations (Scopus)


The purpose of this study was to examine the role of neuromotor noise on golf swing performance in high- and low-handicap players. Selected two-dimensional kinematic measures of 20 male golfers (n = 10 per high- or low-handicap group) performing 10 golf swings with a 5-iron club was obtained through video analysis. Neuromotor noise was calculated by deducting the standard error of the measurement from the coefficient of variation obtained from intra-individual analysis. Statistical methods included linear regression analysis and one-way analysis of variance using SPSS. Absolute invariance in the key technical positions (e.g., at the top of the backswing) of the golf swing appears to be a more favorable technique for skilled performance.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)185-196
Number of pages12
JournalResearch Quarterly for Exercise and Sport
Issue number2
Publication statusPublished - 2009
Externally publishedYes


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