Methods : Transgenic mice for inducible Müller cell-specific gene targeting (Rlbp1-CreER mice) were crossed with mice carrying floxed metabolic genes including insulin receptor (IR), hexokinase 2 (Hk2), lactate dehydrogenase A (LDH-A), pyruvate dehydrogenase E1α (PDH-E1α) and phosphoglycerate dehydrogenase (PHGDH). Rlbp1-CreER mice crossed with Cre reporter mice were used as controls. Changes in target gene expression and the rod and cone photoreceptors were studied by immunostaining and Western blots. Retinal function was assessed by dark-adapted flash electroretinography (ERG).
Results : Double label immunofluorescent staining indicated that Müller cells expressed IR, Hk2 and PHGDH but not LDH-A and PDH-E1α. Knocking down IR, HK2 and PHGDH in Müller cells resulted in photoreceptor degeneration 3-4 weeks after tamoxifen-induced Cre expression, as evidenced by the loss of cone photoreceptor apical processes after staining retinas with fluorescently labelled peanut agglutinin and antibodies against blue- and red-green opsin. These changes were accompanied by impaired retinal function as measured by ERG. We also found that knocking down PHGDH appeared to produce more profound effects on photoreceptor degeneration compared with knocking down IR and Hk2 in Müller cells. We did not observe any retinal abnormalities after crossing Rlbp1-CreER mice with transgenic lines carrying floxed LDH-A and PDH-E1α genes.
Conclusions : Our data suggest that Müller cells may use glucose through the upstream of aerobic glycolysis and the serine/glycine metabolic pathway to support photoreceptors in the mammalian retina.
|Number of pages
|Investigative Ophthalmology and Visual Science
|Published - Jul 2018
|Annual Meeting of the Association-for-Research-in-Vision-and-Ophthalmology (ARVO) - Honolulu
Duration: 29 Apr 2018 → 3 May 2018