Background: Heart failure (HF) is associated with an increase in cardiac sympathetic nerve activity (CSNA), which is directly linked to mortality in HF patients. The mechanisms responsible for the elevated CSNA remain unclear. Previous studies indicate that the area postrema (AP), a circumventricular organ in the brainstem, plays a role in the control of sympathetic nerve activity. We hypothesized that the elevated CSNA in HF is mediated by the AP and lesioning this region would reduce the increased CSNA in sheep with HF. Aims: To determine the effect of sham lesion or lesion of the AP on CSNA and hemodynamics in conscious sheep with HF. Methods: Studies were conducted in 2 groups of sheep with pacing-induced HF: sham (n=6) and AP lesion (n=6) sheep. Mean arterial blood pressure (MAP), heart rate (HR) and CSNA were recorded simultaneously in conscious sheep at least 4 days after surgery. Results: Heart failure was associated with a significant decrease in ejection fraction (from 74±2 % to 38±1 %; P<0.001), which was similar in both groups. There was a significant reduction in CSNA burst incidence in the AP lesion group compared with the sham group (45±10 and 89±3 bursts/100 heartbeats, respectively; P<0.01). Conclusions: In sheep with HF, the group with lesion of the AP had a significantly lower CSNA compared with the sham group. These data suggest that the AP plays a role in setting the detrimental high levels of CSNA in HF.
|Number of pages||1|
|Publication status||Published - May 2015|
|Event||36th Annual Scientific Meeting of the High-Blood-Pressure-Research-Council-of-Australia (HBPRCA) - Adelaide, Australia|
Duration: 26 Nov 2014 → 28 Nov 2014
Nelson, M. R., Chowdhury, D. K., Doust, J., Reid, C. M., & Wing, L. M. W. (2015). Ten-year legacy effects of baseline blood pressure treatment naivety in the second Australian national blood pressure study. Hypertension, 65(5), E30-E30. https://doi.org/10.1161/HYP.0000000000000022