Tell about yourself to improve your autobiographical memory: A study of Korsakoff's syndrome

Mohamad El Haj*, Marie Charlotte Gandolphe, Ahmed A. Moustafa, Jean Louis Nandrino

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleResearchpeer-review

7 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Korsakoff's syndrome (KS) has been associated with a difficulty to retrieve specific autobiographical memories. We investigated whether this difficulty can be alleviated after the retrieval of statements describing self-images. KS patients and control participants were recruited and asked to retrieve autobiographical memories after providing statements to the question “Who am I?” and after a control condition consisting of verbal fluency. Analysis showed higher autobiographical specificity in the “Who am I?” than in verbal fluency condition in both patients with KS and control participants. At a theoretical level, our findings demonstrate how retrieval of information related to conceptual self may influence autobiographical memory in KS. At a clinical level, our procedures are important as they demonstrate how a simple task (i.e., “Who am I?” statements) may serve as a tool to cue specific autobiographical memories in patients with KS.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)37-41
Number of pages5
JournalPsychiatry Research
Volume268
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Oct 2018
Externally publishedYes

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