Tai Chi combined with resistance training for adults aged 50 years and older: A systematic review

Meiling Qi, Wendy Moyle, Cindy Jones, Benjamin Weeks

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleResearchpeer-review

Abstract

BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: Despite Tai Chi and resistance training being recommended as suitable exercise for older adults, there are no systematic reviews synthesizing the effectiveness of a combination of Tai Chi and resistance training on health promotion of older adults. This study aimed to review the existing literature regarding the effect of Tai Chi and resistance training on physical health, mental health, pain, health-related quality of life, and age-related impairment in adults aged 50 years and older.

METHODS: A systematic review was conducted to report the health outcomes of Tai Chi combined with resistance training research in adults aged 50 years and older. Articles were identified by searching PubMed, Scopus, Web of Science, CINAHL, MEDLINE, Physiotherapy Evidence Database (PEDro), and the Cochrane library using search terms representing "Tai Chi" and "resistance" and "older adults." Quantitative experimental studies with participants aged 50 years and older, where one of the interventions was Tai Chi and resistance training, were included.

RESULTS AND DISCUSSION: The literature search yielded 648 articles from which 7 met the inclusion criteria. Collectively, the studies involved 703 participants aged 50 years and older, including healthy older adults, older adults with history of falls, postmenopausal women, and people diagnosed with end-stage hip osteoarthritis. Studies included different Tai Chi forms in combination with various types of resistance training. Training sessions were 2 to 7.5 h/wk and lasted between 12 weeks and 12 months. After long-term Tai Chi and resistance training, the participants showed significant improvement in upper and lower extremity muscle strength, aerobic endurance, balance, and mobility. However, 1 study failed to show improvement in Functional Movement Screening compared with traditional Tai Chi and nonexercise groups. No study examined the effects of Tai Chi and resistance training on health-related quality of life, fear of falling, or mental health in adults aged 50 years and older.

CONCLUSIONS: The review supports that Tai Chi in combination with resistance training improves physical function and muscle strength in adults aged 50 years and older.

Original languageEnglish
JournalJournal of Geriatric Physical Therapy
DOIs
Publication statusE-pub ahead of print - 10 Dec 2018
Externally publishedYes

Fingerprint

Tai Ji
Resistance Training
Muscle Strength
Mental Health
Accidental Falls
Quality of Life
Hip Osteoarthritis
Health
Health Promotion
PubMed
MEDLINE
Libraries
Fear
Lower Extremity

Cite this

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abstract = "BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: Despite Tai Chi and resistance training being recommended as suitable exercise for older adults, there are no systematic reviews synthesizing the effectiveness of a combination of Tai Chi and resistance training on health promotion of older adults. This study aimed to review the existing literature regarding the effect of Tai Chi and resistance training on physical health, mental health, pain, health-related quality of life, and age-related impairment in adults aged 50 years and older.METHODS: A systematic review was conducted to report the health outcomes of Tai Chi combined with resistance training research in adults aged 50 years and older. Articles were identified by searching PubMed, Scopus, Web of Science, CINAHL, MEDLINE, Physiotherapy Evidence Database (PEDro), and the Cochrane library using search terms representing {"}Tai Chi{"} and {"}resistance{"} and {"}older adults.{"} Quantitative experimental studies with participants aged 50 years and older, where one of the interventions was Tai Chi and resistance training, were included.RESULTS AND DISCUSSION: The literature search yielded 648 articles from which 7 met the inclusion criteria. Collectively, the studies involved 703 participants aged 50 years and older, including healthy older adults, older adults with history of falls, postmenopausal women, and people diagnosed with end-stage hip osteoarthritis. Studies included different Tai Chi forms in combination with various types of resistance training. Training sessions were 2 to 7.5 h/wk and lasted between 12 weeks and 12 months. After long-term Tai Chi and resistance training, the participants showed significant improvement in upper and lower extremity muscle strength, aerobic endurance, balance, and mobility. However, 1 study failed to show improvement in Functional Movement Screening compared with traditional Tai Chi and nonexercise groups. No study examined the effects of Tai Chi and resistance training on health-related quality of life, fear of falling, or mental health in adults aged 50 years and older.CONCLUSIONS: The review supports that Tai Chi in combination with resistance training improves physical function and muscle strength in adults aged 50 years and older.",
author = "Meiling Qi and Wendy Moyle and Cindy Jones and Benjamin Weeks",
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Tai Chi combined with resistance training for adults aged 50 years and older : A systematic review. / Qi, Meiling; Moyle, Wendy; Jones, Cindy; Weeks, Benjamin.

In: Journal of Geriatric Physical Therapy, 10.12.2018.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleResearchpeer-review

TY - JOUR

T1 - Tai Chi combined with resistance training for adults aged 50 years and older

T2 - A systematic review

AU - Qi, Meiling

AU - Moyle, Wendy

AU - Jones, Cindy

AU - Weeks, Benjamin

PY - 2018/12/10

Y1 - 2018/12/10

N2 - BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: Despite Tai Chi and resistance training being recommended as suitable exercise for older adults, there are no systematic reviews synthesizing the effectiveness of a combination of Tai Chi and resistance training on health promotion of older adults. This study aimed to review the existing literature regarding the effect of Tai Chi and resistance training on physical health, mental health, pain, health-related quality of life, and age-related impairment in adults aged 50 years and older.METHODS: A systematic review was conducted to report the health outcomes of Tai Chi combined with resistance training research in adults aged 50 years and older. Articles were identified by searching PubMed, Scopus, Web of Science, CINAHL, MEDLINE, Physiotherapy Evidence Database (PEDro), and the Cochrane library using search terms representing "Tai Chi" and "resistance" and "older adults." Quantitative experimental studies with participants aged 50 years and older, where one of the interventions was Tai Chi and resistance training, were included.RESULTS AND DISCUSSION: The literature search yielded 648 articles from which 7 met the inclusion criteria. Collectively, the studies involved 703 participants aged 50 years and older, including healthy older adults, older adults with history of falls, postmenopausal women, and people diagnosed with end-stage hip osteoarthritis. Studies included different Tai Chi forms in combination with various types of resistance training. Training sessions were 2 to 7.5 h/wk and lasted between 12 weeks and 12 months. After long-term Tai Chi and resistance training, the participants showed significant improvement in upper and lower extremity muscle strength, aerobic endurance, balance, and mobility. However, 1 study failed to show improvement in Functional Movement Screening compared with traditional Tai Chi and nonexercise groups. No study examined the effects of Tai Chi and resistance training on health-related quality of life, fear of falling, or mental health in adults aged 50 years and older.CONCLUSIONS: The review supports that Tai Chi in combination with resistance training improves physical function and muscle strength in adults aged 50 years and older.

AB - BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: Despite Tai Chi and resistance training being recommended as suitable exercise for older adults, there are no systematic reviews synthesizing the effectiveness of a combination of Tai Chi and resistance training on health promotion of older adults. This study aimed to review the existing literature regarding the effect of Tai Chi and resistance training on physical health, mental health, pain, health-related quality of life, and age-related impairment in adults aged 50 years and older.METHODS: A systematic review was conducted to report the health outcomes of Tai Chi combined with resistance training research in adults aged 50 years and older. Articles were identified by searching PubMed, Scopus, Web of Science, CINAHL, MEDLINE, Physiotherapy Evidence Database (PEDro), and the Cochrane library using search terms representing "Tai Chi" and "resistance" and "older adults." Quantitative experimental studies with participants aged 50 years and older, where one of the interventions was Tai Chi and resistance training, were included.RESULTS AND DISCUSSION: The literature search yielded 648 articles from which 7 met the inclusion criteria. Collectively, the studies involved 703 participants aged 50 years and older, including healthy older adults, older adults with history of falls, postmenopausal women, and people diagnosed with end-stage hip osteoarthritis. Studies included different Tai Chi forms in combination with various types of resistance training. Training sessions were 2 to 7.5 h/wk and lasted between 12 weeks and 12 months. After long-term Tai Chi and resistance training, the participants showed significant improvement in upper and lower extremity muscle strength, aerobic endurance, balance, and mobility. However, 1 study failed to show improvement in Functional Movement Screening compared with traditional Tai Chi and nonexercise groups. No study examined the effects of Tai Chi and resistance training on health-related quality of life, fear of falling, or mental health in adults aged 50 years and older.CONCLUSIONS: The review supports that Tai Chi in combination with resistance training improves physical function and muscle strength in adults aged 50 years and older.

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DO - 10.1519/JPT.0000000000000218

M3 - Article

JO - Journal of Geriatric Physical Therapy

JF - Journal of Geriatric Physical Therapy

SN - 1539-8412

ER -