Background: Heart failure (HF) is a growing global health burden increasing in prevalence as the average age of the population rises. HF with preserved ejection fraction (HFpEF) is defined as EF that is ≥50% and represents almost half of the population with HF.
Methods: We conducted a systematic review and meta-analysis exploring an association between HFpEF and statin use on all-cause mortality and cardiovascular rehospitalisation. Searches were conducted in MEDLINE via Ovid, The Cochrane Library for clinical trials in CENTRAL and Embase via Ovid for articles published between 1 January 2000 and 2 July 2021. Risk of bias was assessed using the Newcastle-Ottawa Scale and evidence rated for quality using the GRADE approach.
Results: A total of 19 studies were included in the review. The analysis suggests a risk reduction of 27% for the statin exposed participants compared to the statin non-exposed participants (HR 0.73, 95% CI: 0.68–0.79) with regard to all-cause mortality. There is a low level of heterogeneity (I2 = 38%) associated with this result that has been accounted for by using a random effects model, however given the included studies are observational, the quality of the evidence is rated as low. Information on rehospitalisation was insufficient for determining the impact of statin use on rehospitalisations.
Conclusion: Our meta-analysis revealed a reduction in all-cause mortality in patients with HFpEF on statin therapy. Considering the outcomes from this meta-analysis there is a need for high level studies to provide quality evidence on the use of statins in patients with HFpEF.