Sustainable Living Environment in Retirement Villages: What Matters to Residents?

Bo Xia*, Qing Chen, Laurie Buys, Martin Skitmore, Jerry Walliah

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleResearchpeer-review


In responding to the requirements of the sustainable development movement, many retirement village developers endeavor to provide a sustainable living environment for their residents. However, this cannot transpire until a thorough understanding of retirement village residents’ preferences for various features of a sustainable living environment is known. The aim of this paper, therefore, is to reveal retirement village residents’ perceptions of the importance of 23 sustainable living environment features through a questionnaire survey of 81 residents from 15 retirement villages. The survey results reveal that independent and convenient living, justice and fairness, being respected and valued, and privacy protection are the most preferred sustainability features, all of which are in the triple bottom line dimension of social sustainability, whereas capital gain sharing, community diversity, and care and service provision are the least important. In addition, it is found that the residents of different ages, gender, living experience, and retirement village nature have significantly different preferences toward various sustainability features. The findings of this study contribute to the management and development of sustainable retirement villages, which will eventually lead to an improved quality of life for older people.

Original languageEnglish
JournalJournal of Aging and Environment
Publication statusE-pub ahead of print - 25 Nov 2020
Externally publishedYes


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