Sustainable development in Pakistan: Vulnerabilities and opportunities

Safdar Ullah Khan, Zafar Manzoor, Gulasekaran Rajaguru, Shabib Haider Syed

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapterResearchpeer-review


Pakistan, like many other developing countries, has not been able to meet the United Nations Millennium Development Goals of 2015, largely because of weak institutions and a lack of policy enforcement. Pakistan has been a front-line state in the war against terrorism and is currently facing serious challenges owing to its new geopolitical settings. In this chapter, we present current trends of many development indicators directly or indirectly related to the United Nations Sustainable Development Goals 2030 and attempt to establish causal linkages among key indicators. The findings reveal important insights into the interconnectedness of various indicators, which may be useful in guiding appropriate policy actions to successfully achieve the objectives of sustainable development in Pakistan.
Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationSustainable Development: Asia-Pacific Perspectives
EditorsPak Sum Low
Place of PublicationCambridge
PublisherCambridge University Press
ISBN (Electronic)9780511977961
ISBN (Print)9780521897174
Publication statusPublished - 2022


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