Supervision, support and mentoring interventions for health practitioners in rural and remote contexts: an integrative review and thematic synthesis of the literature to identify mechanisms for successful outcomes

Anna M Moran, Julia Coyle, Rod Pope, Dianne Boxall, Susan A Nancarrow, Jennifer Young

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleResearchpeer-review

28 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

OBJECTIVE: To identify mechanisms for the successful implementation of support strategies for health-care practitioners in rural and remote contexts.

DESIGN: This is an integrative review and thematic synthesis of the empirical literature that examines support interventions for health-care practitioners in rural and remote contexts.

RESULTS: This review includes 43 papers that evaluated support strategies for the rural and remote health workforce. Interventions were predominantly training and education programmes with limited evaluations of supervision and mentoring interventions. The mechanisms associated with successful outcomes included: access to appropriate and adequate training, skills and knowledge for the support intervention; accessible and adequate resources; active involvement of stakeholders in programme design, implementation and evaluation; a needs analysis prior to the intervention; external support, organisation, facilitation and/or coordination of the programme; marketing of the programme; organisational commitment; appropriate mode of delivery; leadership; and regular feedback and evaluation of the programme.

CONCLUSION: Through a synthesis of the literature, this research has identified a number of mechanisms that are associated with successful support interventions for health-care practitioners in rural and remote contexts. This research utilised a methodology developed for studying complex interventions in response to the perceived limitations of traditional systematic reviews. This synthesis of the evidence will provide decision-makers at all levels with a collection of mechanisms that can assist the development and implementation of support strategies for staff in rural and remote contexts.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)10
JournalHuman Resources for Health
Volume12
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 13 Feb 2014
Externally publishedYes

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mentoring
supervision
Delivery of Health Care
Health
health
Health Manpower
Education
Rural Health
Program Evaluation
Marketing
Research
health care
Organizations
evaluation
literature
Mentoring
decision maker
marketing
stakeholder
commitment

Cite this

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title = "Supervision, support and mentoring interventions for health practitioners in rural and remote contexts: an integrative review and thematic synthesis of the literature to identify mechanisms for successful outcomes",
abstract = "OBJECTIVE: To identify mechanisms for the successful implementation of support strategies for health-care practitioners in rural and remote contexts.DESIGN: This is an integrative review and thematic synthesis of the empirical literature that examines support interventions for health-care practitioners in rural and remote contexts.RESULTS: This review includes 43 papers that evaluated support strategies for the rural and remote health workforce. Interventions were predominantly training and education programmes with limited evaluations of supervision and mentoring interventions. The mechanisms associated with successful outcomes included: access to appropriate and adequate training, skills and knowledge for the support intervention; accessible and adequate resources; active involvement of stakeholders in programme design, implementation and evaluation; a needs analysis prior to the intervention; external support, organisation, facilitation and/or coordination of the programme; marketing of the programme; organisational commitment; appropriate mode of delivery; leadership; and regular feedback and evaluation of the programme.CONCLUSION: Through a synthesis of the literature, this research has identified a number of mechanisms that are associated with successful support interventions for health-care practitioners in rural and remote contexts. This research utilised a methodology developed for studying complex interventions in response to the perceived limitations of traditional systematic reviews. This synthesis of the evidence will provide decision-makers at all levels with a collection of mechanisms that can assist the development and implementation of support strategies for staff in rural and remote contexts.",
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Supervision, support and mentoring interventions for health practitioners in rural and remote contexts : an integrative review and thematic synthesis of the literature to identify mechanisms for successful outcomes. / Moran, Anna M; Coyle, Julia; Pope, Rod; Boxall, Dianne; Nancarrow, Susan A; Young, Jennifer.

In: Human Resources for Health, Vol. 12, 13.02.2014, p. 10.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleResearchpeer-review

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