Sternalis muscle: An underestimated anterior chest wall anatomical variant

Athanasios Raikos, George K. Paraskevas, Maria Tzika, Pedro Faustmann, Stefanos Triaridis, Panagiota Kordali, Panagiotis Kitsoulis, Beate Brand-Saberi

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleResearchpeer-review

17 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Over the recent years, an increased alertness for thorough knowledge of anatomical variants with clinical significance has been recorded in order to minimize the risks of surgical complications. We report a rare case of bilateral strap-like sternalis muscle of the anterior chest wall in a female cadaver. Its presence may evoke alterations in the electrocardiogram or confuse a routine mammography. The incidental finding of a sternalis muscle in mammography, CT, and MRI studies must be documented in a patient's medical records as it can be used as a pedicle flap or flap microvascular anastomosis during reconstructive surgery of the anterior chest wall, head and neck, and breast. Moreover, its presence may be misdiagnosed as a wide range of benign and malignant anterior chest wall lesions and tumors.

Original languageEnglish
Article number73
JournalJournal of Cardiothoracic Surgery
Volume6
Issue number1
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 16 May 2011
Externally publishedYes

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Thoracic Wall
Mammography
Muscles
Reconstructive Surgical Procedures
Incidental Findings
Diagnostic Errors
Cadaver
Medical Records
Electrocardiography
Breast
Neck
Head
Neoplasms

Cite this

Raikos, A., Paraskevas, G. K., Tzika, M., Faustmann, P., Triaridis, S., Kordali, P., ... Brand-Saberi, B. (2011). Sternalis muscle: An underestimated anterior chest wall anatomical variant. Journal of Cardiothoracic Surgery, 6(1), [73]. https://doi.org/10.1186/1749-8090-6-73
Raikos, Athanasios ; Paraskevas, George K. ; Tzika, Maria ; Faustmann, Pedro ; Triaridis, Stefanos ; Kordali, Panagiota ; Kitsoulis, Panagiotis ; Brand-Saberi, Beate. / Sternalis muscle : An underestimated anterior chest wall anatomical variant. In: Journal of Cardiothoracic Surgery. 2011 ; Vol. 6, No. 1.
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Raikos, A, Paraskevas, GK, Tzika, M, Faustmann, P, Triaridis, S, Kordali, P, Kitsoulis, P & Brand-Saberi, B 2011, 'Sternalis muscle: An underestimated anterior chest wall anatomical variant' Journal of Cardiothoracic Surgery, vol. 6, no. 1, 73. https://doi.org/10.1186/1749-8090-6-73

Sternalis muscle : An underestimated anterior chest wall anatomical variant. / Raikos, Athanasios; Paraskevas, George K.; Tzika, Maria; Faustmann, Pedro; Triaridis, Stefanos; Kordali, Panagiota; Kitsoulis, Panagiotis; Brand-Saberi, Beate.

In: Journal of Cardiothoracic Surgery, Vol. 6, No. 1, 73, 16.05.2011.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleResearchpeer-review

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