STARD 2015: An updated list of essential items for reporting diagnostic accuracy studies

STARD Group, Patrick M. Bossuyt*, Johannes B. Reitsma, David E. Bruns, Constantine A. Gatsonis, Paul P. Glasziou, Les Irwig, Jeroen G. Lijmer, David Moher, Drummond Rennie, Henrica C W De Vet, Herbert Y. Kressel, Nader Rifai, Robert M. Golub, Douglas G. Altman, Lotty Hooft, Daniël A. Korevaar, Jérémie F. Cohen, Todd Alonzo, Augusto Azuara-BlancoLucas Bachmann, Jeffrey Blume, Isabelle Boutron, Harry Büller, Frank Buntinx, Sarah Byron, Stephanie Chang, Richelle Cooper, Joris De Groot, Jon Deeks, Nandini Dendukuri, Jac Dinnes, Kenneth Fleming, Gordon Guyatt, Carl Heneghan, Jørgen Hilden, Rita Horvath, Myriam Hunink, Chris Hyde, John Ioannidis, Holly Janes, Jos Kleijnen, André Knottnerus, Stefan Lange, Mariska Leeflang, Sally Lord, Blanca Lumbreras, Petra Macaskill, Erik Magid, Susan Mallett, Matthew McInnes, Barbara Mc-Neil, Matthew McQueen, Karel Moons, Katie Morris, Reem Mustafa, Nancy Obuchowski, Eleanor Ochodo, Andrew Onderdonk, John Overbeke, Nitika Pai, Rosanna Peeling, Margaret Pepe, Steffen Petersen, Christopher Price, Philippe Ravaud, Anne Rutjes, Holger Schunemann, David Simel, Iveta Simera, Nynke Smidt, Ewout Steyerberg, Sharon Straus, William Summerskill, Yemisi Takwoingi, Matthew Thompson, Ann Van De Bruel, Hans Van Maanen, Andrew Vickers, Gianni Virgili, Stephen Walter, Wim Weber, Marie Westwood, Penny Whiting, Nancy Wilczynski, Andreas Ziegler

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articleResearchpeer-review

422 Citations (Scopus)


Incomplete reporting has been identified as a major source of avoidable waste in biomedical research. Essential information is often not provided in study reports, impeding the identification, critical appraisal, and replication of studies. To improve the quality of reporting of diagnostic accuracy studies, the Standards for Reporting of Diagnostic Accuracy Studies (STARD) statement was developed. Here we present STARD 2015, an updated list of 30 essential items that should be included in every report of a diagnostic accuracy study. This update incorporates recent evidence about sources of bias and variability in diagnostic accuracy and is intended to facilitate the use of STARD. As such, STARD 2015 may help to improve completeness and transparency in reporting of diagnostic accuracy studies.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1446-1452
Number of pages7
JournalClinical Chemistry
Issue number12
Publication statusPublished - 1 Dec 2015


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