STARD 2015: An updated list of essential items for reporting diagnostic accuracy studies

STARD Group, Patrick M. Bossuyt, Johannes B. Reitsma, David E. Bruns, Constantine A. Gatsonis, Paul P. Glasziou, Les Irwig, Jeroen G. Lijmer, David Moher, Drummond Rennie, Henrica C W De Vet, Herbert Y. Kressel, Nader Rifai, Robert M. Golub, Douglas G. Altman, Lotty Hooft, Daniël A. Korevaar, Jérémie F. Cohen, Todd Alonzo, Augusto Azuara-Blanco & 66 others Lucas Bachmann, Jeffrey Blume, Isabelle Boutron, Harry Büller, Frank Buntinx, Sarah Byron, Stephanie Chang, Richelle Cooper, Joris De Groot, Jon Deeks, Nandini Dendukuri, Jac Dinnes, Kenneth Fleming, Gordon Guyatt, Carl Heneghan, Jørgen Hilden, Rita Horvath, Myriam Hunink, Chris Hyde, John Ioannidis, Holly Janes, Jos Kleijnen, André Knottnerus, Stefan Lange, Mariska Leeflang, Sally Lord, Blanca Lumbreras, Petra Macaskill, Erik Magid, Susan Mallett, Matthew McInnes, Barbara Mc-Neil, Matthew McQueen, Karel Moons, Katie Morris, Reem Mustafa, Nancy Obuchowski, Eleanor Ochodo, Andrew Onderdonk, John Overbeke, Nitika Pai, Rosanna Peeling, Margaret Pepe, Steffen Petersen, Christopher Price, Philippe Ravaud, Anne Rutjes, Holger Schunemann, David Simel, Iveta Simera, Nynke Smidt, Ewout Steyerberg, Sharon Straus, William Summerskill, Yemisi Takwoingi, Matthew Thompson, Ann Van De Bruel, Hans Van Maanen, Andrew Vickers, Gianni Virgili, Stephen Walter, Wim Weber, Marie Westwood, Penny Whiting, Nancy Wilczynski, Andreas Ziegler

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113 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Incomplete reporting has been identified as a major source of avoidable waste in biomedical research. Essential information is often not provided in study reports, impeding the identification, critical appraisal, and replication of studies. To improve the quality of reporting of diagnostic accuracy studies, the Standards for Reporting of Diagnostic Accuracy Studies (STARD) statement was developed. Here we present STARD 2015, an updated list of 30 essential items that should be included in every report of a diagnostic accuracy study. This update incorporates recent evidence about sources of bias and variability in diagnostic accuracy and is intended to facilitate the use of STARD. As such, STARD 2015 may help to improve completeness and transparency in reporting of diagnostic accuracy studies.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1446-1452
Number of pages7
JournalClinical Chemistry
Volume61
Issue number12
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1 Dec 2015

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STARD Group, Bossuyt, P. M., Reitsma, J. B., Bruns, D. E., Gatsonis, C. A., Glasziou, P. P., ... Ziegler, A. (2015). STARD 2015: An updated list of essential items for reporting diagnostic accuracy studies. Clinical Chemistry, 61(12), 1446-1452. https://doi.org/10.1373/clinchem.2015.246280
STARD Group ; Bossuyt, Patrick M. ; Reitsma, Johannes B. ; Bruns, David E. ; Gatsonis, Constantine A. ; Glasziou, Paul P. ; Irwig, Les ; Lijmer, Jeroen G. ; Moher, David ; Rennie, Drummond ; De Vet, Henrica C W ; Kressel, Herbert Y. ; Rifai, Nader ; Golub, Robert M. ; Altman, Douglas G. ; Hooft, Lotty ; Korevaar, Daniël A. ; Cohen, Jérémie F. ; Alonzo, Todd ; Azuara-Blanco, Augusto ; Bachmann, Lucas ; Blume, Jeffrey ; Boutron, Isabelle ; Büller, Harry ; Buntinx, Frank ; Byron, Sarah ; Chang, Stephanie ; Cooper, Richelle ; De Groot, Joris ; Deeks, Jon ; Dendukuri, Nandini ; Dinnes, Jac ; Fleming, Kenneth ; Guyatt, Gordon ; Heneghan, Carl ; Hilden, Jørgen ; Horvath, Rita ; Hunink, Myriam ; Hyde, Chris ; Ioannidis, John ; Janes, Holly ; Kleijnen, Jos ; Knottnerus, André ; Lange, Stefan ; Leeflang, Mariska ; Lord, Sally ; Lumbreras, Blanca ; Macaskill, Petra ; Magid, Erik ; Mallett, Susan ; McInnes, Matthew ; Mc-Neil, Barbara ; McQueen, Matthew ; Moons, Karel ; Morris, Katie ; Mustafa, Reem ; Obuchowski, Nancy ; Ochodo, Eleanor ; Onderdonk, Andrew ; Overbeke, John ; Pai, Nitika ; Peeling, Rosanna ; Pepe, Margaret ; Petersen, Steffen ; Price, Christopher ; Ravaud, Philippe ; Rutjes, Anne ; Schunemann, Holger ; Simel, David ; Simera, Iveta ; Smidt, Nynke ; Steyerberg, Ewout ; Straus, Sharon ; Summerskill, William ; Takwoingi, Yemisi ; Thompson, Matthew ; Van De Bruel, Ann ; Van Maanen, Hans ; Vickers, Andrew ; Virgili, Gianni ; Walter, Stephen ; Weber, Wim ; Westwood, Marie ; Whiting, Penny ; Wilczynski, Nancy ; Ziegler, Andreas. / STARD 2015 : An updated list of essential items for reporting diagnostic accuracy studies. In: Clinical Chemistry. 2015 ; Vol. 61, No. 12. pp. 1446-1452.
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STARD Group, Bossuyt, PM, Reitsma, JB, Bruns, DE, Gatsonis, CA, Glasziou, PP, Irwig, L, Lijmer, JG, Moher, D, Rennie, D, De Vet, HCW, Kressel, HY, Rifai, N, Golub, RM, Altman, DG, Hooft, L, Korevaar, DA, Cohen, JF, Alonzo, T, Azuara-Blanco, A, Bachmann, L, Blume, J, Boutron, I, Büller, H, Buntinx, F, Byron, S, Chang, S, Cooper, R, De Groot, J, Deeks, J, Dendukuri, N, Dinnes, J, Fleming, K, Guyatt, G, Heneghan, C, Hilden, J, Horvath, R, Hunink, M, Hyde, C, Ioannidis, J, Janes, H, Kleijnen, J, Knottnerus, A, Lange, S, Leeflang, M, Lord, S, Lumbreras, B, Macaskill, P, Magid, E, Mallett, S, McInnes, M, Mc-Neil, B, McQueen, M, Moons, K, Morris, K, Mustafa, R, Obuchowski, N, Ochodo, E, Onderdonk, A, Overbeke, J, Pai, N, Peeling, R, Pepe, M, Petersen, S, Price, C, Ravaud, P, Rutjes, A, Schunemann, H, Simel, D, Simera, I, Smidt, N, Steyerberg, E, Straus, S, Summerskill, W, Takwoingi, Y, Thompson, M, Van De Bruel, A, Van Maanen, H, Vickers, A, Virgili, G, Walter, S, Weber, W, Westwood, M, Whiting, P, Wilczynski, N & Ziegler, A 2015, 'STARD 2015: An updated list of essential items for reporting diagnostic accuracy studies' Clinical Chemistry, vol. 61, no. 12, pp. 1446-1452. https://doi.org/10.1373/clinchem.2015.246280

STARD 2015 : An updated list of essential items for reporting diagnostic accuracy studies. / STARD Group; Bossuyt, Patrick M.; Reitsma, Johannes B.; Bruns, David E.; Gatsonis, Constantine A.; Glasziou, Paul P.; Irwig, Les; Lijmer, Jeroen G.; Moher, David; Rennie, Drummond; De Vet, Henrica C W; Kressel, Herbert Y.; Rifai, Nader; Golub, Robert M.; Altman, Douglas G.; Hooft, Lotty; Korevaar, Daniël A.; Cohen, Jérémie F.; Alonzo, Todd; Azuara-Blanco, Augusto; Bachmann, Lucas; Blume, Jeffrey; Boutron, Isabelle; Büller, Harry; Buntinx, Frank; Byron, Sarah; Chang, Stephanie; Cooper, Richelle; De Groot, Joris; Deeks, Jon; Dendukuri, Nandini; Dinnes, Jac; Fleming, Kenneth; Guyatt, Gordon; Heneghan, Carl; Hilden, Jørgen; Horvath, Rita; Hunink, Myriam; Hyde, Chris; Ioannidis, John; Janes, Holly; Kleijnen, Jos; Knottnerus, André; Lange, Stefan; Leeflang, Mariska; Lord, Sally; Lumbreras, Blanca; Macaskill, Petra; Magid, Erik; Mallett, Susan; McInnes, Matthew; Mc-Neil, Barbara; McQueen, Matthew; Moons, Karel; Morris, Katie; Mustafa, Reem; Obuchowski, Nancy; Ochodo, Eleanor; Onderdonk, Andrew; Overbeke, John; Pai, Nitika; Peeling, Rosanna; Pepe, Margaret; Petersen, Steffen; Price, Christopher; Ravaud, Philippe; Rutjes, Anne; Schunemann, Holger; Simel, David; Simera, Iveta; Smidt, Nynke; Steyerberg, Ewout; Straus, Sharon; Summerskill, William; Takwoingi, Yemisi; Thompson, Matthew; Van De Bruel, Ann; Van Maanen, Hans; Vickers, Andrew; Virgili, Gianni; Walter, Stephen; Weber, Wim; Westwood, Marie; Whiting, Penny; Wilczynski, Nancy; Ziegler, Andreas.

In: Clinical Chemistry, Vol. 61, No. 12, 01.12.2015, p. 1446-1452.

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articleResearchpeer-review

TY - JOUR

T1 - STARD 2015

T2 - An updated list of essential items for reporting diagnostic accuracy studies

AU - STARD Group

AU - Bossuyt, Patrick M.

AU - Reitsma, Johannes B.

AU - Bruns, David E.

AU - Gatsonis, Constantine A.

AU - Glasziou, Paul P.

AU - Irwig, Les

AU - Lijmer, Jeroen G.

AU - Moher, David

AU - Rennie, Drummond

AU - De Vet, Henrica C W

AU - Kressel, Herbert Y.

AU - Rifai, Nader

AU - Golub, Robert M.

AU - Altman, Douglas G.

AU - Hooft, Lotty

AU - Korevaar, Daniël A.

AU - Cohen, Jérémie F.

AU - Alonzo, Todd

AU - Azuara-Blanco, Augusto

AU - Bachmann, Lucas

AU - Blume, Jeffrey

AU - Boutron, Isabelle

AU - Büller, Harry

AU - Buntinx, Frank

AU - Byron, Sarah

AU - Chang, Stephanie

AU - Cooper, Richelle

AU - De Groot, Joris

AU - Deeks, Jon

AU - Dendukuri, Nandini

AU - Dinnes, Jac

AU - Fleming, Kenneth

AU - Guyatt, Gordon

AU - Heneghan, Carl

AU - Hilden, Jørgen

AU - Horvath, Rita

AU - Hunink, Myriam

AU - Hyde, Chris

AU - Ioannidis, John

AU - Janes, Holly

AU - Kleijnen, Jos

AU - Knottnerus, André

AU - Lange, Stefan

AU - Leeflang, Mariska

AU - Lord, Sally

AU - Lumbreras, Blanca

AU - Macaskill, Petra

AU - Magid, Erik

AU - Mallett, Susan

AU - McInnes, Matthew

AU - Mc-Neil, Barbara

AU - McQueen, Matthew

AU - Moons, Karel

AU - Morris, Katie

AU - Mustafa, Reem

AU - Obuchowski, Nancy

AU - Ochodo, Eleanor

AU - Onderdonk, Andrew

AU - Overbeke, John

AU - Pai, Nitika

AU - Peeling, Rosanna

AU - Pepe, Margaret

AU - Petersen, Steffen

AU - Price, Christopher

AU - Ravaud, Philippe

AU - Rutjes, Anne

AU - Schunemann, Holger

AU - Simel, David

AU - Simera, Iveta

AU - Smidt, Nynke

AU - Steyerberg, Ewout

AU - Straus, Sharon

AU - Summerskill, William

AU - Takwoingi, Yemisi

AU - Thompson, Matthew

AU - Van De Bruel, Ann

AU - Van Maanen, Hans

AU - Vickers, Andrew

AU - Virgili, Gianni

AU - Walter, Stephen

AU - Weber, Wim

AU - Westwood, Marie

AU - Whiting, Penny

AU - Wilczynski, Nancy

AU - Ziegler, Andreas

PY - 2015/12/1

Y1 - 2015/12/1

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AB - Incomplete reporting has been identified as a major source of avoidable waste in biomedical research. Essential information is often not provided in study reports, impeding the identification, critical appraisal, and replication of studies. To improve the quality of reporting of diagnostic accuracy studies, the Standards for Reporting of Diagnostic Accuracy Studies (STARD) statement was developed. Here we present STARD 2015, an updated list of 30 essential items that should be included in every report of a diagnostic accuracy study. This update incorporates recent evidence about sources of bias and variability in diagnostic accuracy and is intended to facilitate the use of STARD. As such, STARD 2015 may help to improve completeness and transparency in reporting of diagnostic accuracy studies.

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=84948669109&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.1373/clinchem.2015.246280

DO - 10.1373/clinchem.2015.246280

M3 - Review article

VL - 61

SP - 1446

EP - 1452

JO - Clinical Chemistry

JF - Clinical Chemistry

SN - 0009-9147

IS - 12

ER -