STARD 2015: An updated list of essential items for reporting diagnostic accuracy studies

Patrick M. Bossuyt*, Johannes B. Reitsma, David E. Bruns, Constantine A. Gatsonis, Paul P. Glasziou, Les Irwig, Jeroen G. Lijmer, David Moher, Drummond Rennie, Henrica C W De Vet, Herbert Y. Kressel, Nader Rifai, Robert M. Golub, Douglas G. Altman, Lotty Hooft, Daniël A. Korevaar, Jérémie F. Cohen, STARD Group

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleResearchpeer-review

2021 Citations (Scopus)
226 Downloads (Pure)


Incomplete reporting has been identified as a major source of avoidable waste in biomedical research. Essential information is often not provided in study reports, impeding the identification, critical appraisal, and replication of studies. To improve the quality of reporting of diagnostic accuracy studies, the Standards for Reporting Diagnostic Accuracy (STARD) statement was developed. Here we present STARD 2015, an updated list of 30 essential items that should be included in every report of a diagnostic accuracy study. This update incorporates recent evidence about sources of bias and variability in diagnostic accuracy and is intended to facilitate the use of STARD. As such, STARD 2015 may help to improve completeness and transparency in reporting of diagnostic accuracy studies.
Original languageEnglish
Article numberh5527
JournalBritish Medical Journal
Publication statusPublished - 28 Oct 2015


Dive into the research topics of 'STARD 2015: An updated list of essential items for reporting diagnostic accuracy studies'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this