Smoking, personality, and imagery preference in Relation to spontaneous bilateral electrodermal activity

Michael Lyvers, Gayle Boyd, Irving Maltzman

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleResearchpeer-review

12 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Effects of smoking on spontaneous bilateral skin conductance were studied as a consequence of interactions with set and setting. Bilateral skin conductance was recorded in six men and six women who smoked and an equal number of nonsmokers on two different days. On the first day, spontaneous electrodermal activity was recorded before and after a 10-minute rest period during which half the smokers smoked a cigarette. On the second day, one week later, spontaneous activity was again recorded before and after a 10-minute rest period during which the remaining smokers smoked a cigarette. Nonsmokers did not smoke at any time. Following smoking there was a significant negative correlation between a preference for visual over nonvisual imagery and spontaneous skin conductance responsivity in the left as compared to the right hand. Correlations were significantly different in smokers and nonsmokers. Smokers showed significantly greater preferences for either visual or nonvisual imagery than nonsmokers. Nonresponding nonsmokers were higher on the psychoticism (P) scale of the Eysenck Personality Questionnaire (EPQ) than responding nonsmokers. Smokers scored higher on P than nonsmokers. Interactions between personality, cognitive style, and the experimental situation, set, and setting were discussed in relation to the arousing effects of nicotine.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)7-15
Number of pages9
JournalThe Pavlovian Journal of Biological Science
Volume22
Issue number1
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1 Jan 1987
Externally publishedYes

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Imagery (Psychotherapy)
Personality
smoking
Skin
personality
Smoking
Tobacco Products
interaction
Nicotine
nicotine
Smoke
questionnaire
Hand
Imagery
Interaction
time

Cite this

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abstract = "Effects of smoking on spontaneous bilateral skin conductance were studied as a consequence of interactions with set and setting. Bilateral skin conductance was recorded in six men and six women who smoked and an equal number of nonsmokers on two different days. On the first day, spontaneous electrodermal activity was recorded before and after a 10-minute rest period during which half the smokers smoked a cigarette. On the second day, one week later, spontaneous activity was again recorded before and after a 10-minute rest period during which the remaining smokers smoked a cigarette. Nonsmokers did not smoke at any time. Following smoking there was a significant negative correlation between a preference for visual over nonvisual imagery and spontaneous skin conductance responsivity in the left as compared to the right hand. Correlations were significantly different in smokers and nonsmokers. Smokers showed significantly greater preferences for either visual or nonvisual imagery than nonsmokers. Nonresponding nonsmokers were higher on the psychoticism (P) scale of the Eysenck Personality Questionnaire (EPQ) than responding nonsmokers. Smokers scored higher on P than nonsmokers. Interactions between personality, cognitive style, and the experimental situation, set, and setting were discussed in relation to the arousing effects of nicotine.",
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Smoking, personality, and imagery preference in Relation to spontaneous bilateral electrodermal activity. / Lyvers, Michael; Boyd, Gayle; Maltzman, Irving.

In: The Pavlovian Journal of Biological Science, Vol. 22, No. 1, 01.01.1987, p. 7-15.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleResearchpeer-review

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