Skeletal muscle AMPK is not activated during 2 h of moderate intensity exercise at ∼65% V̇O2peak in endurance trained men

Glenn K. McConell*, Glenn D. Wadley, Kieran Le Plastrier, Kelly C. Linden

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleResearchpeer-review

17 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Key points: AMP-activated protein kinase (AMPK) is considered a major regulator of skeletal muscle metabolism during exercise. However, we previously showed that, although AMPK activity increases by 8–10-fold during ∼120 min of exercise at ∼65% (Formula presented.) in untrained individuals, there is no increase in these individuals after only 10 days of exercise training (longitudinal study). In a cross-sectional study, we show that there is also a lack of activation of skeletal muscle AMPK during 120 min of cycling exercise at 65% (Formula presented.) in endurance-trained individuals. These findings indicate that AMPK is not an important regulator of exercise metabolism during 120 min of exercise at 65% (Formula presented.) in endurance trained men. It is important that more energy is directed towards examining other potential regulators of exercise metabolism. Abstract: AMP-activated protein kinase (AMPK) is considered a major regulator of skeletal muscle metabolism during exercise. Indeed, AMPK is activated during exercise and activation of AMPK by 5-aminoimidazole-4-carboxyamide-ribonucleoside (AICAR) increases skeletal muscle glucose uptake and fat oxidation. However, we have previously shown that, although AMPK activity increases by 8–10-fold during ∼120 min of exercise at ∼65% (Formula presented.) in untrained individuals, there is no increase in these individuals after only 10 days of exercise training (longitudinal study). In a cross-sectional study, we examined whether there is also a lack of activation of skeletal muscle AMPK during 120 min of cycling exercise at 65% (Formula presented.) in endurance-trained individuals. Eleven untrained (UT; (Formula presented.) = 37.9 ± 5.6 ml.kg−1 min−1) and seven endurance trained (ET; (Formula presented.) = 61.8 ± 2.2 ml.kg−1 min−1) males completed 120 min of cycling exercise at 66 ± 4% (Formula presented.) (UT: 100 ± 21 W; ET: 190 ± 15 W). Muscle biopsies were obtained at rest and following 30 and 120 min of exercise. Muscle glycogen was significantly (P < 0.05) higher before exercise in ET and decreased similarly during exercise in the ET and UT individuals. Exercise significantly increased calculated skeletal muscle free AMP content and more so in the UT individuals. Exercise significantly (P < 0.05) increased skeletal muscle AMPK α2 activity (4-fold), AMPK αThr172 phosphorylation (2-fold) and ACCβ Ser222 phosphorylation (2-fold) in the UT individuals but not in the ET individuals. These findings indicate that AMPK is not an important regulator of exercise metabolism during 120 min of exercise at 65% (Formula presented.) in endurance trained men.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)3859-3870
Number of pages12
JournalJournal of Physiology
Volume598
Issue number18
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 15 Sept 2020
Externally publishedYes

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