Serve Size and Estimated Energy and Protein Contents of Meals Prepared by "Meals on Wheels' South Australia Inc. Findings from a Meal Audit Study

Tony Arjuna, Michelle Miller, Stijn Soenen, Ian Chapman, Renuka Visvanathan, Natalie D. Luscombe-Marsh

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Abstract

An audit of standard' (STD) and energy and protein fortified' (HEHP) meals from Meals on Wheels (MOW) South Australia's summer menu was conducted to evaluate the consistency, and serve size and nutrient contents, of their menu items. Twenty soups, 20 mains and 20 desserts from each of the STD and HEHP menus were prepared at the MOW South Australia's kitchen and delivered to three sham(dummy)-clients' over a 5-week period. Each meal component was weighed in triplicate, to the nearest gram, the variation within the serve weight was calculated, and the overall energy and protein content of each meal was determined using FoodWorks (Xyris Software, Highgate Hill, Queensland, Australia). On average, the variability for soups and mains was 6% and for desserts was 10% and although the measured serve sizes of the MOW meals were consistently smaller than prescribed serve size, the differences were minor. As a percentage of recommended daily intakes (RDIs) for adults aged over 60 years, we calculated that the STD meals contained 21-39% for energy and 42-63% for protein while the HEHP meals contained 29-55% for energy and 46-69% for protein. These findings demonstrate that MOW meals currently meet the voluntary meal guidelines for energy and protein.

Original languageEnglish
Article number26
Number of pages10
JournalFoods
Volume7
Issue number2
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Feb 2018
Externally publishedYes

Cite this

Arjuna, Tony ; Miller, Michelle ; Soenen, Stijn ; Chapman, Ian ; Visvanathan, Renuka ; Luscombe-Marsh, Natalie D. / Serve Size and Estimated Energy and Protein Contents of Meals Prepared by "Meals on Wheels' South Australia Inc. Findings from a Meal Audit Study. In: Foods. 2018 ; Vol. 7, No. 2.
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abstract = "An audit of standard' (STD) and energy and protein fortified' (HEHP) meals from Meals on Wheels (MOW) South Australia's summer menu was conducted to evaluate the consistency, and serve size and nutrient contents, of their menu items. Twenty soups, 20 mains and 20 desserts from each of the STD and HEHP menus were prepared at the MOW South Australia's kitchen and delivered to three sham(dummy)-clients' over a 5-week period. Each meal component was weighed in triplicate, to the nearest gram, the variation within the serve weight was calculated, and the overall energy and protein content of each meal was determined using FoodWorks (Xyris Software, Highgate Hill, Queensland, Australia). On average, the variability for soups and mains was 6{\%} and for desserts was 10{\%} and although the measured serve sizes of the MOW meals were consistently smaller than prescribed serve size, the differences were minor. As a percentage of recommended daily intakes (RDIs) for adults aged over 60 years, we calculated that the STD meals contained 21-39{\%} for energy and 42-63{\%} for protein while the HEHP meals contained 29-55{\%} for energy and 46-69{\%} for protein. These findings demonstrate that MOW meals currently meet the voluntary meal guidelines for energy and protein.",
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Serve Size and Estimated Energy and Protein Contents of Meals Prepared by "Meals on Wheels' South Australia Inc. Findings from a Meal Audit Study. / Arjuna, Tony; Miller, Michelle; Soenen, Stijn; Chapman, Ian; Visvanathan, Renuka; Luscombe-Marsh, Natalie D.

In: Foods, Vol. 7, No. 2, 26, 02.2018.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleResearchpeer-review

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