Running Speed, Power, and Aerobic Fitness relate to Work Sample Test Battery Performance in Deputy Sheriff Recruits

Sullivan Wall, Matthew R. Moreno, Joseph Dulla, Jay J. Dawes, Rob Marc Orr, Robert G. Lockie

Research output: Contribution to conferencePosterResearch

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Abstract

Many law enforcement recruits complete a state-specific physical test before
graduating from their respective academies. In California, this is known as the Work
Sample Test Battery (WSTB). The WSTB is comprised of tests related to job-related
tasks. Certain agencies also conduct assessments to measure physical fitness; one
example is the Validated Physical Abilities Test+ (VPAT+). The VPAT+ was developed to
measure a recruit’s power as well as general fitness. This study aimed to identify
relationships between VPAT+ and WSTB performance. Retrospective analysis on data
from four academy classes (203 males, 35 females) from one law enforcement agency
was conducted. The VPAT+ and WSTB were completed in the last weeks of a 22-week
academy training program. The VPAT+ is comprised of: a vertical jump (VJ) and seated
2 kg medicine ball throw (MBT) to indirectly measure lower- and upper-body power,
respectively; a 75-yard pursuit run (75PR), which was a simulated foot pursuit involving
sprinting and direction changes; and the multi-stage fitness test (MSFT), where the
number of shuttles indicated aerobic fitness. The WSTB comprised five tests completed
for time: agility run around a 99-yard obstacle course (99OC); 32-foot body drag (BD)
with a 165-lb dummy; climb over a six-foot chain link fence (CL) and six-foot solid wall
(SW); and 500-yard run (500R). Partial correlations controlling for sex calculated
relationships between the tests from the VPAT+ and WSTB. A greater VJ related to
faster 99OC, CL, SW, and 500R scores (r = -0.23 to -0.38). Greater MBT distance
correlated to quicker 99OC and CL performance (r = -0.21 to -0.27). Faster 75PR
performance was associated with a faster 99OC, CL, SW, and 500R (r = -.025 to -0.50). A
higher number of MSFT shuttles correlated to faster 99OC and 500R (r = -0.27 to -
0.410). No VPAT+ tests related to the BD. The VJ and 75PR related to the running and
barrier-clearing WSTB tests, which may display the need for lower-body power and
high-intensity anaerobic performance in these tasks. Superior MSFT performance
related to the OC99 and 500R times, which highlights high-intensity running capacity
needs for law enforcement. Better MBT scores correlated with the 99OC and CL, which
provide some indication of the value of upper-body power in occupational tasks.
However, no VPAT+ tests related to the BD. The BD is strength-intensive, which is an
attribute not usually tested in recruits. The use of strength testing in recruits should be
explored, as this quality could relate to job-specific tasks.
Original languageEnglish
Publication statusPublished - Oct 2018
EventThe 38th Annual Meeting of the Southwest Regional Chapter of the American College of Sports Medicine - Costa Mesa Hilton, Costa Mesa, United States
Duration: 26 Oct 201827 Oct 2018
Conference number: 38th
https://www.acsm.org/acsm-membership/regional-chapters/acsm-chapters/southwest/southwest-l2

Conference

ConferenceThe 38th Annual Meeting of the Southwest Regional Chapter of the American College of Sports Medicine
Abbreviated titleSWACSM
CountryUnited States
CityCosta Mesa
Period26/10/1827/10/18
Internet address

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  • Cite this

    Wall, S., Moreno, M. R., Dulla, J., Dawes, J. J., Orr, R. M., & Lockie, R. G. (2018). Running Speed, Power, and Aerobic Fitness relate to Work Sample Test Battery Performance in Deputy Sheriff Recruits. Poster session presented at The 38th Annual Meeting of the Southwest Regional Chapter of the American College of Sports Medicine, Costa Mesa, United States.