Replicating group-based education interventions for the management of type 2 diabetes: a review of intervention reporting

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Abstract

Aims To assess the completeness of reporting of group-based education interventions for the management of type 2
diabetes.
Methods A previous systematic review of group-based education programmes for adults with type 2 diabetes identified eligible intervention studies. Data were extracted and assessed using the Template for Intervention Description and
Replication (‘TIDieR’) checklist. Missing data were sourced from other published material, or by contacting authors.
Results Fifty-three publications describing 47 studies were included. No publications sufficiently described all items. Authors of 43 of the 47 included studies (91%) were contacted via e-mail to obtain missing data in order to complete the TIDieR checklist. Seven (16%) did not respond. Additional data were obtained for 33/47 studies (70%). Most studies (45/47, 96%) described the intervention duration and frequency, detailed the procedures and rationale (40/47, 85%), provided a brief intervention name and explained any individual tailoring (38/47, 81%), defined whether providers received training and adequately described how the programme was delivered (37/47, 79%). However, few described any modifications (28/47, 60%), whether the intervention was delivered as planned (27/47, 57%), where it was delivered (21/47, 45%), whether materials were provided (19/47, 40%), and who delivered the intervention (13/
47, 28%).
Conclusions Group-based education interventions for the management of type 2 diabetes are poorly reported. To translate effective research into practice, practitioners need sufficient detail to implement evidence-based interventions.
Researcher adoption of the TIDieR checklist will assist the translation and replication of published interventions.
Original languageEnglish
JournalDiabetic Medicine
DOIs
Publication statusE-pub ahead of print - 23 Oct 2019

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