Determination of the early-age compressive strength of concrete is essential for quality assurance, safety, and economy of construction projects. Due to manual operation on construction site, conventional maturity meters are not efficient for live monitoring of the early-age concrete strength. Higher levels of automated and computerised improvements have been made possible by recent developments in wireless communications, sensor technologies, and data processing methods across the construction industry. For real-time monitoring of the early-stage concrete strength, the current study presents an innovative Internet of Things (IoT)-enabled system developed by concrete data sensors (CDS), an Australian-owned private business. The CDS sensor system (the system) communicates with temperature sensors via long-range wide-area network and is linked to a cloud-based platform for data storage. The suggested system’s effectiveness was assessed using three concrete mixtures and developed maturity relationships. It was observed that the predicted early-age compressive strength of the mixes matches well with the actual compressive strength and that the system can effectively automate the characterisation of maturity.