Radiation leukemia virus-induced T-cell lymphomas with common T-cell receptor variable region structure and similar binding specificity for retrovirus

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The 5C2 cell line was derived following culture of mouse spleen cells exposed in vivo and in vitro to radiation leukemia virus (RadLV) containing supernatants from the C6VL/1 T cell lymphoma. This cell line has been found to express an alpha beta T-cell receptor (TCR) identifiable with the Mab124-40 anti-clonotypic antibody which is specific for C6VL/1. It has been shown to be genetically and phenotypically distinct from C6VL/1 with a unique phenotype, i.e. CD4-, CD8-, CD3+, TCR-alpha beta. 5C2 has been shown to express high levels of alpha and beta chain mRNA and to utilize the same or similar V alpha and V beta region genes as C6VL/1. Whereas C6VL/1 binds cross-reactively to both RadLV/C6VL and an unrelated isolate RadLV/VL3, 5C2 has binding specificity for only RadLV/C6VL, which induced its proliferation. The anti-clonotypic antibody Mab124-40 specifically and completely inhibits binding of 5C2 to RadLV/C6VL at concentrations as low as 300 ng/ml. The 5C2 cell line can also be stimulated to increased proliferation by RadLV/C6VL. All of these data are consistent with the role of a TCR alpha beta heterodimer in binding and stimulation by RadLV and satisfy one prediction of the receptor-mediated leukemogenesis hypothesis that T-cell clones identifiable by their T-cell receptor clonotype may be targets for transformation by a particular retrovirus.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)921-7
Number of pages7
Issue number11
Publication statusPublished - Nov 1991
Externally publishedYes


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