Quantifying Perishability in Skills: A Critical Review

Erica Schippers, Christopher Pearson, Rob Marc Orr, Ben Schram, Jay Dawes, Robert G. Lockie

Research output: Contribution to conferencePosterResearchpeer-review

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Abstract

PURPOSE: Every job or workplace requires a unique skill set, with new skills developed and old skills reviewed. Depending on the tasks required for different jobs some skills are conducted daily and others infrequently. Workplaces however, require employees to maintain skills at a high level. If retraining does not occur, skills can decline reducing the capacity to execute skills at a high level. The aim of this critical review was to identify, critically appraise and synthesize key findings from the current body of literature that explores the perishability of skills within different workplaces. METHODS: Search terms were developed, and a systemic search was done using the key data bases (Pubmed, CINAHL, SportDiscus). Inclusion and exclusion criteria were then applied to further ensure relevant articles were included in the review. Included studies were critically appraised, using the downs and black checklist, and a level of evidence was determined. The relevant data was extracted and synthesized. RESULTS: Fifteen studies were included for review and ranged in percentage quality scores from 50% to 83.9% with a mean of 65.5%. Substantial interrater agreement (k=0.747) existed between raters. A variety of workplace skills were examined including ECG interpretation, basic and advanced life support, laparoscopic surgical skills and motor skills in pianists. However, there was a high variety in the retention intervals, measures and their protocols. Results reported that experts in laparoscopic surgery, who were defined as a person that has performed >200 procedures during the past 3 years, were able to retain their skills over a long-time interval without training, however, novices' skills deteriorated over a shorter time interval without training. CONCLUSION: Though skill perishability is varied from skill to skill, there is no clear research to identify the exact degree of skill decay when additional skill retention factors and skill complexity are considered. It is clear from this review that refresher training, particularly for novices, should be performed regularly to combat skill perishability.
Original languageEnglish
Publication statusPublished - 1 Mar 2019
EventRocky Mountain American College of Sports Medicine Annual Meeting 2019 - Denver, United States
Duration: 1 Mar 20192 Mar 2019
https://www.acsm.org/acsm-membership/regional-chapters/acsm-chapters/rocky-mountain/annual-meeting

Conference

ConferenceRocky Mountain American College of Sports Medicine Annual Meeting 2019
Abbreviated titleRMACSM
CountryUnited States
CityDenver
Period1/03/192/03/19
Internet address

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Motor Skills
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PubMed
Laparoscopy
Electrocardiography
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Cite this

Schippers, E., Pearson, C., Orr, R. M., Schram, B., Dawes, J., & Lockie, R. G. (2019). Quantifying Perishability in Skills: A Critical Review. Poster session presented at Rocky Mountain American College of Sports Medicine Annual Meeting 2019, Denver, United States.
Schippers, Erica ; Pearson, Christopher ; Orr, Rob Marc ; Schram, Ben ; Dawes, Jay ; Lockie, Robert G. / Quantifying Perishability in Skills: A Critical Review. Poster session presented at Rocky Mountain American College of Sports Medicine Annual Meeting 2019, Denver, United States.
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Schippers, E, Pearson, C, Orr, RM, Schram, B, Dawes, J & Lockie, RG 2019, 'Quantifying Perishability in Skills: A Critical Review' Rocky Mountain American College of Sports Medicine Annual Meeting 2019, Denver, United States, 1/03/19 - 2/03/19, .

Quantifying Perishability in Skills: A Critical Review. / Schippers, Erica; Pearson, Christopher; Orr, Rob Marc; Schram, Ben; Dawes, Jay; Lockie, Robert G.

2019. Poster session presented at Rocky Mountain American College of Sports Medicine Annual Meeting 2019, Denver, United States.

Research output: Contribution to conferencePosterResearchpeer-review

TY - CONF

T1 - Quantifying Perishability in Skills: A Critical Review

AU - Schippers, Erica

AU - Pearson, Christopher

AU - Orr, Rob Marc

AU - Schram, Ben

AU - Dawes, Jay

AU - Lockie, Robert G.

PY - 2019/3/1

Y1 - 2019/3/1

N2 - PURPOSE: Every job or workplace requires a unique skill set, with new skills developed and old skills reviewed. Depending on the tasks required for different jobs some skills are conducted daily and others infrequently. Workplaces however, require employees to maintain skills at a high level. If retraining does not occur, skills can decline reducing the capacity to execute skills at a high level. The aim of this critical review was to identify, critically appraise and synthesize key findings from the current body of literature that explores the perishability of skills within different workplaces. METHODS: Search terms were developed, and a systemic search was done using the key data bases (Pubmed, CINAHL, SportDiscus). Inclusion and exclusion criteria were then applied to further ensure relevant articles were included in the review. Included studies were critically appraised, using the downs and black checklist, and a level of evidence was determined. The relevant data was extracted and synthesized. RESULTS: Fifteen studies were included for review and ranged in percentage quality scores from 50% to 83.9% with a mean of 65.5%. Substantial interrater agreement (k=0.747) existed between raters. A variety of workplace skills were examined including ECG interpretation, basic and advanced life support, laparoscopic surgical skills and motor skills in pianists. However, there was a high variety in the retention intervals, measures and their protocols. Results reported that experts in laparoscopic surgery, who were defined as a person that has performed >200 procedures during the past 3 years, were able to retain their skills over a long-time interval without training, however, novices' skills deteriorated over a shorter time interval without training. CONCLUSION: Though skill perishability is varied from skill to skill, there is no clear research to identify the exact degree of skill decay when additional skill retention factors and skill complexity are considered. It is clear from this review that refresher training, particularly for novices, should be performed regularly to combat skill perishability.

AB - PURPOSE: Every job or workplace requires a unique skill set, with new skills developed and old skills reviewed. Depending on the tasks required for different jobs some skills are conducted daily and others infrequently. Workplaces however, require employees to maintain skills at a high level. If retraining does not occur, skills can decline reducing the capacity to execute skills at a high level. The aim of this critical review was to identify, critically appraise and synthesize key findings from the current body of literature that explores the perishability of skills within different workplaces. METHODS: Search terms were developed, and a systemic search was done using the key data bases (Pubmed, CINAHL, SportDiscus). Inclusion and exclusion criteria were then applied to further ensure relevant articles were included in the review. Included studies were critically appraised, using the downs and black checklist, and a level of evidence was determined. The relevant data was extracted and synthesized. RESULTS: Fifteen studies were included for review and ranged in percentage quality scores from 50% to 83.9% with a mean of 65.5%. Substantial interrater agreement (k=0.747) existed between raters. A variety of workplace skills were examined including ECG interpretation, basic and advanced life support, laparoscopic surgical skills and motor skills in pianists. However, there was a high variety in the retention intervals, measures and their protocols. Results reported that experts in laparoscopic surgery, who were defined as a person that has performed >200 procedures during the past 3 years, were able to retain their skills over a long-time interval without training, however, novices' skills deteriorated over a shorter time interval without training. CONCLUSION: Though skill perishability is varied from skill to skill, there is no clear research to identify the exact degree of skill decay when additional skill retention factors and skill complexity are considered. It is clear from this review that refresher training, particularly for novices, should be performed regularly to combat skill perishability.

M3 - Poster

ER -

Schippers E, Pearson C, Orr RM, Schram B, Dawes J, Lockie RG. Quantifying Perishability in Skills: A Critical Review. 2019. Poster session presented at Rocky Mountain American College of Sports Medicine Annual Meeting 2019, Denver, United States.