Quality assessment of diagnosis and antibiotic treatment of infectious diseases in primary care: a systematic review of quality indicators

Laura Trolle Saust, Rikke Nygaard Monrad, Malene Plejdrup Hansen, Magnus Arpi, Lars Bjerrum

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articleResearchpeer-review

9 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Objective: To identify existing quality indicators (QIs) for diagnosis and antibiotic treatment of patients with infectious diseases in primary care. Design: A systematic literature search was performed in PubMed and EMBASE. We included studies with a description of the development of QIs for diagnosis and antibiotic use in patients with infectious diseases in primary care. We extracted information about (1) type of infection; (2) target for quality assessment; (3) methodology used for developing the QIs; and (4) whether the QIs were developed for a national or international application. The QIs were organised into three categories: (1) QIs focusing on the diagnostic process; (2) QIs focusing on the decision to prescribe antibiotics; and (3) QIs concerning the choice of antibiotics. 

Results: Eleven studies were included in this review and a total of 130 QIs were identified. The majority (72%) of the QIs were focusing on choice of antibiotics, 22% concerned the decision to prescribe antibiotics, and few (6%) concerned the diagnostic process. Most QIs were either related to respiratory tract infections or not related to any type of infection. A consensus method (mainly the Delphi technique), based on either a literature study or national guidelines, was used for the development of QIs in all of the studies. 

Conclusions: The small number of existing QIs predominantly focuses on the choice of antibiotics and is often drug-specific. There is a remarkable lack of diagnostic QIs. Future development of new QIs, especially disease-specific QIs concerning the diagnostic process, is needed.

KEY POINTS In order to improve the use of antibiotics in primary care, measurable instruments, such as quality indicators, are needed to assess the quality of care being provided. A total of 11 studies were found, including 130 quality indicators for diagnosis and antibiotic treatment of infectious diseases in primary care. The majority of the identified quality indicators were focusing on the choice of antibiotics and only a few concerned the diagnostic process. All quality indicators were developed by means of a consensus method and were often based on literature studies or guidelines.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)258-266
Number of pages9
JournalScandinavian Journal of Primary Health Care
Volume34
Issue number3
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2 Jul 2016

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Communicable Diseases
Primary Health Care
Anti-Bacterial Agents
Therapeutics
Guidelines
Delphi Technique
Quality of Health Care
Infection
PubMed
Respiratory Tract Infections
Pharmaceutical Preparations

Cite this

Saust, Laura Trolle ; Monrad, Rikke Nygaard ; Hansen, Malene Plejdrup ; Arpi, Magnus ; Bjerrum, Lars. / Quality assessment of diagnosis and antibiotic treatment of infectious diseases in primary care : a systematic review of quality indicators. In: Scandinavian Journal of Primary Health Care. 2016 ; Vol. 34, No. 3. pp. 258-266.
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abstract = "Objective: To identify existing quality indicators (QIs) for diagnosis and antibiotic treatment of patients with infectious diseases in primary care. Design: A systematic literature search was performed in PubMed and EMBASE. We included studies with a description of the development of QIs for diagnosis and antibiotic use in patients with infectious diseases in primary care. We extracted information about (1) type of infection; (2) target for quality assessment; (3) methodology used for developing the QIs; and (4) whether the QIs were developed for a national or international application. The QIs were organised into three categories: (1) QIs focusing on the diagnostic process; (2) QIs focusing on the decision to prescribe antibiotics; and (3) QIs concerning the choice of antibiotics. Results: Eleven studies were included in this review and a total of 130 QIs were identified. The majority (72{\%}) of the QIs were focusing on choice of antibiotics, 22{\%} concerned the decision to prescribe antibiotics, and few (6{\%}) concerned the diagnostic process. Most QIs were either related to respiratory tract infections or not related to any type of infection. A consensus method (mainly the Delphi technique), based on either a literature study or national guidelines, was used for the development of QIs in all of the studies. Conclusions: The small number of existing QIs predominantly focuses on the choice of antibiotics and is often drug-specific. There is a remarkable lack of diagnostic QIs. Future development of new QIs, especially disease-specific QIs concerning the diagnostic process, is needed.KEY POINTS In order to improve the use of antibiotics in primary care, measurable instruments, such as quality indicators, are needed to assess the quality of care being provided. A total of 11 studies were found, including 130 quality indicators for diagnosis and antibiotic treatment of infectious diseases in primary care. The majority of the identified quality indicators were focusing on the choice of antibiotics and only a few concerned the diagnostic process. All quality indicators were developed by means of a consensus method and were often based on literature studies or guidelines.",
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Quality assessment of diagnosis and antibiotic treatment of infectious diseases in primary care : a systematic review of quality indicators. / Saust, Laura Trolle; Monrad, Rikke Nygaard; Hansen, Malene Plejdrup; Arpi, Magnus; Bjerrum, Lars.

In: Scandinavian Journal of Primary Health Care, Vol. 34, No. 3, 02.07.2016, p. 258-266.

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articleResearchpeer-review

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AU - Saust, Laura Trolle

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