Proposed framework for applying cumulative prospect theory to an unbalanced bidding model

David W. Cattell, Paul A. Bowen, Ammar P. Kaka

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleResearchpeer-review

9 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Recent research on unbalanced bidding models has identified both the benefits and the risks generated from different prices applied to the component items of a construction project. It has also been proposed that modern portfolio theory (MPT) be used as the technique by which to trade-off the conflicting objectives of maximizing the expected profit and, at the same time, minimizing the risk. The MPT methodology has previously been found to provide contractors with a technique by which they can identify and sift out all of the efficient item-price combinations, such that they need not suffer the consequences of deciding upon any substandard inefficient pricing combination. The use of MPT still leaves contractors with a wide range of choices. This paper introduces and applies microeconomic techniques [namely cumulative prospect theory (CPT)] to narrow these choices down to only one optimal choice. CPT serves to equate different return-risk alternatives to find the one set of item prices that will provide the optimal outcome in light of the contractor's risk profile. The paper concludes by applying and evaluating this technique, on a small hypothetical project. Results show that a contractor with such a profile is able to identify prices that will generate an expected mean profit of 150%, more than they could accomplish by way of balanced pricing.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1052-1059
Number of pages8
JournalJournal of Construction Engineering and Management
Volume137
Issue number12
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Dec 2011

Fingerprint

Contractors
Profitability
Costs
Cumulative prospect theory
Bidding
Modern portfolio theory
Profit
Pricing

Cite this

Cattell, David W. ; Bowen, Paul A. ; Kaka, Ammar P. / Proposed framework for applying cumulative prospect theory to an unbalanced bidding model. In: Journal of Construction Engineering and Management. 2011 ; Vol. 137, No. 12. pp. 1052-1059.
@article{3a4442fedbbc4ba8baaf1eeb152d1aa1,
title = "Proposed framework for applying cumulative prospect theory to an unbalanced bidding model",
abstract = "Recent research on unbalanced bidding models has identified both the benefits and the risks generated from different prices applied to the component items of a construction project. It has also been proposed that modern portfolio theory (MPT) be used as the technique by which to trade-off the conflicting objectives of maximizing the expected profit and, at the same time, minimizing the risk. The MPT methodology has previously been found to provide contractors with a technique by which they can identify and sift out all of the efficient item-price combinations, such that they need not suffer the consequences of deciding upon any substandard inefficient pricing combination. The use of MPT still leaves contractors with a wide range of choices. This paper introduces and applies microeconomic techniques [namely cumulative prospect theory (CPT)] to narrow these choices down to only one optimal choice. CPT serves to equate different return-risk alternatives to find the one set of item prices that will provide the optimal outcome in light of the contractor's risk profile. The paper concludes by applying and evaluating this technique, on a small hypothetical project. Results show that a contractor with such a profile is able to identify prices that will generate an expected mean profit of 150{\%}, more than they could accomplish by way of balanced pricing.",
author = "Cattell, {David W.} and Bowen, {Paul A.} and Kaka, {Ammar P.}",
year = "2011",
month = "12",
doi = "10.1061/(ASCE)CO.1943-7862.0000367",
language = "English",
volume = "137",
pages = "1052--1059",
journal = "Journal of Construction Engineering and Management - ASCE",
issn = "0733-9364",
publisher = "American Society of Civil Engineers",
number = "12",

}

Proposed framework for applying cumulative prospect theory to an unbalanced bidding model. / Cattell, David W.; Bowen, Paul A.; Kaka, Ammar P.

In: Journal of Construction Engineering and Management, Vol. 137, No. 12, 12.2011, p. 1052-1059.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleResearchpeer-review

TY - JOUR

T1 - Proposed framework for applying cumulative prospect theory to an unbalanced bidding model

AU - Cattell, David W.

AU - Bowen, Paul A.

AU - Kaka, Ammar P.

PY - 2011/12

Y1 - 2011/12

N2 - Recent research on unbalanced bidding models has identified both the benefits and the risks generated from different prices applied to the component items of a construction project. It has also been proposed that modern portfolio theory (MPT) be used as the technique by which to trade-off the conflicting objectives of maximizing the expected profit and, at the same time, minimizing the risk. The MPT methodology has previously been found to provide contractors with a technique by which they can identify and sift out all of the efficient item-price combinations, such that they need not suffer the consequences of deciding upon any substandard inefficient pricing combination. The use of MPT still leaves contractors with a wide range of choices. This paper introduces and applies microeconomic techniques [namely cumulative prospect theory (CPT)] to narrow these choices down to only one optimal choice. CPT serves to equate different return-risk alternatives to find the one set of item prices that will provide the optimal outcome in light of the contractor's risk profile. The paper concludes by applying and evaluating this technique, on a small hypothetical project. Results show that a contractor with such a profile is able to identify prices that will generate an expected mean profit of 150%, more than they could accomplish by way of balanced pricing.

AB - Recent research on unbalanced bidding models has identified both the benefits and the risks generated from different prices applied to the component items of a construction project. It has also been proposed that modern portfolio theory (MPT) be used as the technique by which to trade-off the conflicting objectives of maximizing the expected profit and, at the same time, minimizing the risk. The MPT methodology has previously been found to provide contractors with a technique by which they can identify and sift out all of the efficient item-price combinations, such that they need not suffer the consequences of deciding upon any substandard inefficient pricing combination. The use of MPT still leaves contractors with a wide range of choices. This paper introduces and applies microeconomic techniques [namely cumulative prospect theory (CPT)] to narrow these choices down to only one optimal choice. CPT serves to equate different return-risk alternatives to find the one set of item prices that will provide the optimal outcome in light of the contractor's risk profile. The paper concludes by applying and evaluating this technique, on a small hypothetical project. Results show that a contractor with such a profile is able to identify prices that will generate an expected mean profit of 150%, more than they could accomplish by way of balanced pricing.

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=84855962586&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.1061/(ASCE)CO.1943-7862.0000367

DO - 10.1061/(ASCE)CO.1943-7862.0000367

M3 - Article

VL - 137

SP - 1052

EP - 1059

JO - Journal of Construction Engineering and Management - ASCE

JF - Journal of Construction Engineering and Management - ASCE

SN - 0733-9364

IS - 12

ER -