Proliferation of the BCL1 B cell lymphoma induced by IL-4 and IL-5 is dependent on IL-6 and GM-CSF

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Abstract

Lymphokine requirements for the in vitro proliferation of the spleen-dependent B cell lymphoma BCL1 have been analysed. Cells were found to respond by proliferation to added recombinant (r) interleukin-4 (IL-4), r-IL-5 and recombinant granulocyte-macrophage colony-stimulating factor (r-GM-CSF). Inhibition by antibodies specific for each of these lymphokines has confirmed growth factor-dependent growth. Anti-GM-CSF has, however, been found to inhibit the proliferation of BCL1 cells induced by r-IL-4 and r-IL-5, as well as r-GM-CSF, suggesting that BCL1 cells may express receptors for GM-CSF and that GM-CSF may be able to act synergistically with IL-4 and IL-5 in promoting cell proliferation. Anti-IL-6 antibody was also found to be a very effective inhibitor of BCL1 proliferation induced by either IL-4 or IL-5 but not by GM-CSF. Added IL-6 did not stimulate BCL1 proliferation, suggesting that endogenous IL-6 may regulate the autocrine growth of BCL1 cells. BCL1 cell proliferation in vitro appears to be regulated by interactions between multiple growth factors.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)315-322
Number of pages8
JournalImmunology and Cell Biology
Volume70
Issue number5
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Oct 1992
Externally publishedYes

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