Predicting Neural Activity of Whole Body Cast Shadow Through Object Cast Shadow in Dynamic Environments

Irini Giannopulu*, Lee Khai, E. Abdi, A. Noori-Hoshyar, Gaelle Brotto, Van Velsen, T. Lin, J. Gorman, G. Indelicato

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleResearchpeer-review

Abstract

Shadows, as all other objects that surround us, are incorporated into the body and extend the body mediating perceptual information. The current study investigates the hypothesis according to which the perception of object shadows would predict the perception of body shadows. 38 participants (19 males and 19 females) aged 23 years on average were immersed into a virtual reality environment and instructed to perceive and indicate the coincidence or non coincidence between the movement of a ball shadow with regard to ball movement on the one hand, and between their body shadow and their body position in space on the other.Their brain activity was recording via a 32-channel EEG system, in which beta (13.5-30 Hz) oscillations were analysed. A series of Multiple Regression Analysis (MRA) revealed that the beta dynamic oscillations patterns of the bilateral occipito-parieto-frontal pathway associated with the perception of ball shadow appeared to be a significant predictor of the increase in beta oscillations across frontal areas related to the body shadow perception and the decrease in beta oscillations across frontal areas connected to the decision making of the body shadow. Taken together, the findings suggest that inferential thinking ability relative to body shadow would be reliably predicted from object shadows and that the bilateral beta oscillatory modulations would be indicative of the formation of predictive neural frontal assemblies, which encode and infer body shadow neural representation, that is, a substitution of the physical body.
Original languageEnglish
JournalFrontiers in Psychology
Volume15
Publication statusAccepted/In press - 23 Jan 2024

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