Brain plays an important role in functioning of higher order animals including human beings. Its main functions are psychological outputs in the form of cognition and emotions needed to keep fit in the surrounding environment, and the philosophical pursuits. Cognition can be defined as a mental process by which external and internal inputs are transformed, reduced, elaborated, stored and recovered for use (Neisser, 1967). It is an umbrella term which includes various functions such as attention, perception, reasoning, precognition, metacognition, theory of mind and other significant functions. In this paper, previous researches on precognition, metacognition and theory of mind were reviewed. Precognition can be defined as the ability to attain knowledge about a future event before it actually occurs, whereas metacognition can be defined as awareness about one's thinking process and strategies utilize to regulate it. On other hand, theory of mind refers to the ability to understand one's mental states that can lead to an action. This paper attempted to understand the relationship between precognition, metacognition and theory of mind in schizophrenia wherein the thinking process is disturbed. This review paper may pave way for future research on relationship between precognition, metacognition and theory of mind in clinical and non-clinical population.
|Title of host publication||Psychological issues and interventions in health and well-being|
|Editors||Naved Iqbal, Sheema Aleem|
|Place of Publication||New Delhi|
|Publisher||Excel India Publishers|
|Publication status||Published - 2016|