Recently, Becker, Anderson, Mortensen, Neufeld, and Neel (2011), argued that the faster detection of angry than happy faces in crowds commonly observed in the literature is due to methodological confounds which conceal a true Happiness Superiority Effect (HSE). Following their recommendations to eliminate these confounds with schematic face stimuli, Experiment 1 yielded the predicted HSE extending prior findings with photographic stimuli. In Experiment 2, the mediating role of positive expectancy was tested. A happy or sad mood was induced to enhance or reduce the positive expectancy bias prior to the same two search tasks used in Experiment 1. A HSE was observed for participants in a sad but not in a happy mood. This suggests that, unlike the categorization advantage for happy faces, the HSE observed in visual search is unlikely to be due to a positive expectancy bias.
|Publication status||Published - Feb 2015|
|Event||16th Annual Meeting of the Society for Personality and Social Psychology - Long Beach, United States|
Duration: 26 Feb 2015 → 28 Feb 2015
Conference number: 16th
|Conference||16th Annual Meeting of the Society for Personality and Social Psychology|
|Period||26/02/15 → 28/02/15|