Positive mood attenuates the happiness superiority effect in visual search for schematic faces

Belinda M. Craig, Ottmar V. Lipp

Research output: Contribution to conferencePosterResearchpeer-review

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Abstract

Recently, Becker, Anderson, Mortensen, Neufeld, and Neel (2011), argued that the faster detection of angry than happy faces in crowds commonly observed in the literature is due to methodological confounds which conceal a true Happiness Superiority Effect (HSE). Following their recommendations to eliminate these confounds with schematic face stimuli, Experiment 1 yielded the predicted HSE extending prior findings with photographic stimuli. In Experiment 2, the mediating role of positive expectancy was tested. A happy or sad mood was induced to enhance or reduce the positive expectancy bias prior to the same two search tasks used in Experiment 1. A HSE was observed for participants in a sad but not in a happy mood. This suggests that, unlike the categorization advantage for happy faces, the HSE observed in visual search is unlikely to be due to a positive expectancy bias.
Original languageEnglish
Publication statusPublished - Feb 2015
Externally publishedYes
Event16th Annual Meeting of the Society for Personality and Social Psychology - Long Beach, United States
Duration: 26 Feb 201528 Feb 2015
Conference number: 16th

Conference

Conference16th Annual Meeting of the Society for Personality and Social Psychology
Abbreviated titleSPSP
CountryUnited States
CityLong Beach
Period26/02/1528/02/15

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