Although there is growing recognition of the effects of living with sleep disorders and the important role of primary care in their identification and management, studies indicate that the detection of sleep apnoea (OSA) and insomnia may still be low. This large representative community-based study (n=2977 adults) used logistic regression models to examine predictors of self-reported OSA and current insomnia and linear regression models to examine the association of these sleep conditions with both mental and physical components of health-related quality of life (HRQoL) and health service use. Overall, 5.6% (95% confidence interval (CI) 4.6-6.7) and 6.8% (95% CI 5.7-7.9) of subjects self-reported OSA (using a single-item question) and current insomnia (using two single-item questions) respectively. Many sociodemographic and lifestyle predictors for OSA and insomnia acted in different directions or showed different magnitudes of association. Both disorders had a similar adverse relationship with physical HRQoL, whereas mental HRQoL was more impaired among those with insomnia. Frequent consultations with a doctor were associated with a lower physical HRQoL across these sleep conditions; however, lower mental HRQoL among those frequently visiting a doctor was observed only among individuals with insomnia. The adverse relationship between sleep disorders and physical and mental HRQoL was substantial and should not be underestimated.