Physiotherapy rehabilitation for whiplash associated disorder II: A systematic review and meta-analysis of randomised controlled trials

Zoe A. Michaleff*, Manuela Ferreira

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleResearchpeer-review

5 Citations (Scopus)


Whiplash injuries occur due to an ‘acceleration–deceleration energy transfer to the neck’, usually as the result of a motor vehicle accident, although the injury may also occur while participating in sport for example, diving. Clinically, whiplash injuries are graded 0–IV (higher grade indicates increased severity) with the majority of patients (93.4%) classified as having a grade II injury (neck complaint eg, pain, stiffness or tenderness AND musculoskeletal signs eg, reduced range of motion).1 While grade II whiplash injuries are frequently managed with conservative treatment approaches, the effectiveness of specific physiotherapy interventions has not been investigated in isolation.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)662-663
Number of pages2
JournalBritish Journal of Sports Medicine
Issue number9
Publication statusPublished - 1 Jul 2012
Externally publishedYes


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